Aleksandr Bibikov

Picture of Aleksandr Bibikov


During the Seven Years` War showed bravery and military talents. In 1759, he wounded at Frankfurt an der Oder; Employment of this city has successfully served as commandant, and gained popularity among the population. In 1761, he won at Treptau. In 1762 Catherine II sent Bibikov in Kholmogory to familiarize with the family of Brunswick Prince Anton Ulrich and offers to transfer him to leave Russia, but without children. Bibikov successfully performed a delicate task, but not too favorable judgment of the Prince family, especially his eldest daughter Elizabeth, incurred the displeasure Bibikov he and a half years had to live on the estate. In 1763 - 64 years. Bibikov brilliantly quelled an uprising in the Ural factories, showing great humanity against the rebels, and took steps not only to halt the rebellion, but also to identify the causes of its occurrence, and to improve the economic and administrative orders in the region. In 1765 Bibikovobehal with the strategic objective of the southern and south-western borders of Russia. In 1767 he was elected to the commission for drafting a new Code of Kostroma nobility. Catherine II approved his Marshal (chairman), the Commission, on the proposal of the Attorney-General of the book. Vyazemsky. But Bibikov had no significant influence on the course of the meetings and the work of the Commission, due to the novelty and complexity of the case and the failure of its staging. To suggest that the commission was disbanded at the urging of Bibikov, there was insufficient evidence. Dismissing a commission Bibikov finished his farewell speech with the words: "take root in all humanity and education." In 1769 Bibikov toured the border in Finland. June 20, 1771 Bibikov was appointed commander of the army in Poland. At the same time a decisive and tactful, Bibikov earned respect as a slave, and the Poles. Apparently, Bibikov unsympathetic attitude to the Empress policy in Poland to its first section. In a letter to Catherine, he wrote: "I expect from the VV solutions surveying the local business is not on the Polish Sejm statute and the instructions and on Zbornomu (Cathedral) and ulozheniju novoukaznym articles". After the transfer from Poland Bibikov says: "Finally, I will not be an obstacle types and intentions governing the fate of the Polish". November 29, 1773 at Bibikov was charged with the suppression of the Pugachev rebellion with the broadest powers. Bibikov showed great energy; thanks largely to him Pugachev position deteriorated and had to lift the siege of a number of cities. This Bibikov not only fighting the insurgency, but also introduced a procedure for the administration, with the assistance of persons who came with him, among whom was Derzhavin. April 9, 1774, he died in Bugulma. Award General-in-chief and Knight of the Order of St. Andrew did not catch him alive. Derzhavin mourned Bibikov in a long ode; Empress bestowed egoseme great possessions. All the evidence suggests that Bibikov together a brilliant military and administrative abilities, great diplomatic tact with the independence of opinion and incorruptible honesty. There was not an empty word of his confidence that he went bankrupt in Poland as a result of costs associated with the post. He was born and died a wealthy nobleman, leaving his family almost destitute of life, and in this respect differs from other major figures of the time. He translated the writings on military affairs, also translated one chapter of "Belisarius" Marmontel. - See the literature on the time of Catherine II, the Polish particularly Affairs and the Pugachev rebellion.. The main source for the biography Bibikov - "Notes on the life and service of AI Bibikov, written by his son, Boris in September." (St. Petersburg, 1817;. Reprinted with additions documentary, M., 1865). Biographical sketch placed MA Polievktov in "Russian Biographical Dictionary". A. El-h.