Date of Birth: 03/31/1939
Place of birth: Tbilisi
Born in 1939 in the family of the famous "living classic" Konstantine Gamsakhurdia, the Georgian literature.
He was married with three children. Occupation - literary. Doctor of Philology, graduated from the Faculty of Western European Languages ??University of Tbilisi. Member of the Georgian Writers` Union since the early 70s. Since 1965, he took an active part in the life of the Church, a member of the Church Council of the Tbilisi Sioni temple.
Since 1974, maintained ties with Moscow human rights activists because of his human rights bulletin "Chronicle of Current Events" began to appear regularly about developments in Georgia. He was a founding member of the set up in 1974 in Georgia, "the Initiative Group of the protection of human rights in Georgia." Author of several samizdat works. Member of the Soviet Amnesty International group. Since May 1975 the chief editor of the literary and journalistic magazine in Georgian "Golden Fleece" ( "Okros Satsmisi"), since 1976 together with Merab Kostava produces another samizdat magazine in the Georgian language "Herald of Georgia" ( "Sakartvelos Moambe"). Since January 1976 a founding member of the Georgian Helsinki Group.
Arrested on April 7, 1977, together with M.Kostavoy. At the trial in the summer of 1978, Gamsakhurdia had repented and received a light sentence - two years (according to other sources - three years) links in Dagestan. Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic, he was pardoned in June 1979. After returning to Tbilisi, the place gets a senior researcher at the Institute of Georgian Literature Akademiinauk Georgia.
In 1988-91. . Society Co-Chair of St. Ilia the Righteous (together with M. Kostava), leader of the bloc "Round Table - Free Georgia". In November 1990, the Chairman of the Georgian Armed Forces.
May 26, 1991 he was elected President of Georgia.
Later (6 January 1992), was banished from Georgia by the criminal military coup. After returning home (September 1993) December 31, 1993 died in the mountainous part of Samegrelo (West Georgia) under mysterious circumstances. He was buried in Chechnya.