Zeno Of Citium
Son Mnazeya. Born in the Greek-Phoenician city Kitie (Kition) in Cyprus; He engaged in maritime commerce; about 320 BC. e. He moved to Athens, where he became a disciple of the Cynic Crates, but, dissatisfied with his "Cynic shamelessness", went on to Stilponu and dialectic Diodorus.
Himself becoming a teacher, Zeno gathered around him numerous disciples, who first called on his behalf, zenoneyami, and then, in the place of teaching (al-Greek. ???? & # 943; & # 955; & # 951; & # 963; & # 964; & # 959; & # 940; - painted portico) - Stoics. The excellent quality of his character earned him special respect Athenians and king Antigonus Gonata; awarded during the life of the gold crown and the statue, after his death he was awarded the honorary burial in ceramics.
Living very simply, without his family and slaves, he avoided, however, cynical poverty and dirt. He lived in Athens about sixty years and has reached a ripe old age; year of his death (and birth) is not known exactly (by assumption Zeller he died in 270 BC, according to Droyzenu -.. in 267 BC..). Scripture Zeno ethics dialectics, physics and poetry, the list of which is in Diogenes Laertius, differed, according to ancient accounts, brevity and lack of eloquence, but of which only a few have survived and neznachitelnyeotryvki, with questionable authenticity. In general, the Stoic doctrine as it is set forth by the ancient authors, it is impossible to determine what actually belongs to Zeno and that - his successor, Cleon and Chrysippus.
Prior to the entry of Cyprus into the European Union Zeno of Citium was depicted on coins in denominations of 20 cents.
In writing this article used material from the Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary (1890-1907).