Yury Zhdanov

Picture of Yury Zhdanov

Date of Birth: 08/20/1919

Age: 87

Place of birth: Tver

Citizenship: Russia


Born August 20, 1919 in the city of Tver, in the family of professional revolutionaries. Father - Andrei Alexandrovich Zhdanov (1896 born.). Mother - Zinaida Zhdanov A. (1898 born.). Wife - Taisa S. Zhdanov (1929 born.). Daughter - Catherine Y. Zhdanov (1950 born.). Son - Zhdanov, Andrey Y. (1960 born.).

In 1937, Yuri Zhdanov graduated from high school and enrolled in the Chemistry Department of Moscow State University in the Department of Organic Chemistry. Graduation coincided with the beginning of the Great Patriotic War. From 1941 to 1945 he served in the Yuri A. Main Political Directorate of the Red Army instructor, then promoter-writer. He was awarded the Order of the Patriotic War, the Red Star and combat medals.

After demobilization he was engaged in teaching and research work under the guidance of Academician Nesmeyanov at Moscow State University and also studied at the graduate school of the Institute of Philosophy of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR under the direction of chemist, philosopher and historian of science BM Kedrov. In 1948 he defended his thesis and received the degree of candidate of philosophical sciences. During this period, the interests of young scientists focus on socio-political issues.

In the years 1947-1953 served as head of sector, head of the science department of the Central Committee of the CPSU, and from 1953 to 1957 - Head of the Department of Science and Culture of the Rostov Regional Party Committee. Working in the Party, he did not interrupt the research and teaching activities. In 1957 he defended his thesis a second, this time - by the basic specialty. He was awarded the degree of Candidate of Chemical Sciences and the title of associate professor.

In 1957, Yuri Zhdanov appointed rector of the Rostov State University - one of the largest universities of the Russian Federation.

Doctor of Chemistry, and was approved in the academic rank of professor in 1961. In 1960, he successfully defended his thesis for the degree. Create SA Zhdanov in 1962, the first chair of the chemistry of natural compounds in Russia allowed to outline a long-term program of basic and applied research in one of the most promising areas of modern science. As a result of years of research Yuri Zhdanov formed original scientific direction in the field of carbohydrate chemistry. Open a wide range of reactions and synthesis methods most practically important classes of monosaccharides. He was the first to study the carbohydrate carbenes and ketones, in the broad scope of involvement in carbohydrate synthesis and organometallic condensation methods. Scientist first used quantum mechanical calculations to carbohydrate chemistry, laid down the principles of the quantitative approach to the study of the reactivity of carbohydrates, their chemical and conformational stability, based on the application of the methods of quantum chemistry.

His research in the field of carbohydrate chemistry are reflected in more than 150 scientific articles, reports on international and national congresses, symposiums, scientific seminars and conferences.

SA Zhdanov created the first in the Soviet literature "Workshop on carbohydrate chemistry", which went through two reissues, released monograph "Chemical conversion of the carbon skeleton of carbohydrates" (Publishing House of the USSR Academy of Sciences, 1962). For a long time professor Yuri Zhdanov worked as a corresponding member of the International Editorial Board of "Carbohydrate Research".

The cycle of works Zhdanov devoted to the chemistry of aromatic and heterocyclic systems, such as pyrylium salts. They have developed new approaches to the design of a number of heterocyclic cations, allowing directionally synthesized compounds are of practical value in industrial production of alkaloids number digidronorkoraldana, dioksillina, berberine, papaverine. In this new field of photographic and obtained termohromy and phosphors.

Yuri Zhdanov and his students discovered a fundamentally new type of tautomerism - atsilotropnaya tautomerism, which has become a convenient way to approach the study of a series of complex biochemical processes. In 1974 atsilotropii phenomenon was registered as a scientific discovery (