Yousaf Raza Gillani

Picture of Yousaf Raza Gillani

Date of Birth: 09/06/1952

Age: 64

Place of Birth: Karachi

Citizenship: Pakistan


Yusuf Raza Gilani born June 9, 1952 in the Pakistani city of Karachi. He comes from an influential clan landowners and Muslim religious leaders. Hold family - Multan, a major city in southern Punjab province. Yusuf - a representative of the fourth generation has family who participated in the work of the elected bodies of power: his great-grandfather in 1921 was elected to the Legislative Council of India. Prominent politicians and many others were his relatives. Yusuf`s father, Alamdar Hussain Gilani (Alamdar Hussain Gillani), in 1950 was the health minister in the government of Punjab province.

Yusuf Raza Gilani graduated from Punjab University in Lahore with a Master of Journalism degree. Political career he began in 1978, entering the central leadership of Pakistan Muslim League (MLP). A year earlier, the country`s coup: the military, led by General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq (Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq) overthrew the government of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (Zulfikar Ali Bhutto), the leader of the Pakistan People`s Party (PPP). In 1979 Bhutto was executed.

In 1983, Gilani was elected chairman of the District Council Multan, won the election of the current Minister of the federal government Fakhari Sayed Imam (Syed Fakhar Imam). Two years later, they held conducted on the basis of non-partisan parliamentary election and Gilani was elected to the National Assembly of Pakistan. The federal government of Mohammed Khan JUNEJO (Muhammad Khan Junejo) Gilani from 1985 to 1988 was Minister of Housing and rail links.

After the conflict between JUNEJO and Gilani, the latter left the MLP and went over to the PNP, which led the daughter of the late prime minister Benazir Bhutto. Shortly thereafter, in May 1988, Zia-ul-Haq dissolved the parliament and JUNEJO government and new elections.

In August of the same year, Zia-ul-Haq was killed in a plane crash, and held a victory in the November elections, the party won Bhutto and the PPP leader became prime minister. Gilani, who was running for the National Assembly from Punjab, won in his constituency Nawaz Sharif, at the time - MLP leader department and acting head of the provincial government.

In 1990 Bhutto government was dissolved by President Ghulam Ishaq Khan (Ghulam Ishaq Khan) in connection with allegations of corruption. On Gilani held after the elections managed to win back a place in the National Assembly, this time beating his own uncle - a veteran politician and former minister of the federal government of Hamid Reza Gilani (Hamid Raza Gillani). However, a majority of seats went to representatives of the MLP and its allies, as well as prime minister Nawaz Sharif has taken.

At the next election, in 1993, the PPP once again took over and formed a coalition government led by Bhutto. This time the opponent Gilani in the elections was the representative of the MLP Sikander Hayat Bosan (Sikander Hayat Bosan).

In the second Bhutto government (1993-1996) Gilani held a post in the National Assembly Speaker. He is famous one episode of that time, which is regarded as a sign of adherence to principles Gilani. The speaker demanded to release members of parliament who were arrested on the orders of his party colleagues in the government. When the Ministry of the Interior refused to obey, Gilani gave the public an event publicized.

The outcome of the activities of the second Bhutto government was deplorable. In November 1996, it was dissolved by the President, the representative of the PNP Farooq Ahmad Khan Leghari (Farooq Ahmad Khan Leghari). The February 1997 election supporters of Bhutto lost MLP received a total of 17 seats in parliament. At this time, among the losers it was Gilani and he conceded Bosanu and ANP failed to win any parliamentary seats from Punjab.

Sharif`s new government launched a vigorous campaign against Bhutto and her husband Asif Ali Zardari (Asif Ali Zardari), who were accused of corruption and money laundering. Bhutto left the country, while Zardari was in prison. During this period, in 1998, Gilani was appointed vice-chairman of the PPP.

In 1999, General Pervez Musharraf led a bloodless military coup against the government of Sharif and became the new head of state. The new authorities have launched an anti-corruption campaign to "cleanse" the Pakistani policy in which Musharraf`s opponents have seen struggle with dissent.

In February 2001, Gilani was arrested and charged with abuse of power during his tenure as Speaker of Parliament. It has been argued that the seats in the National Assembly Secretariat distributed illegally. Musharraf created an anti-corruption court found Gilani guilty, and he has been in prison for more than five years. Commenting on the verdict, Gilani said that the charges were fabricated in order to force him to leave the TNG and to the side of the regime of Musharraf.

While in detention, Gilani could not take part in 2002 parliamentary elections. In prison, he wrote an autobiographical book entitled "Reflections from the well of Yusuf." he was released in 2006.

In 2007 Bhutto and Musharraf held talks on the return of former prime minister home. October 6, 2007 the representatives of the PPP did not interfere with the victory of Musharraf in the presidential election, and 18 of October in Pakistan Bhutto arrived.

December 27, 2007 an explosion occurred at a rally of supporters of Bhutto in Rawalpindi. ANP leader was seriously wounded and soon died. After that, in accordance with the will of the deceased, co-chairman Zardari became her husband and their son Bilawal (Bilawal Bhutto Zardari). Zardari arrived in Pakistan from the United States and became head of the PPP and prepare it for the designated February parliamentary elections. He himself had to run for the National Assembly could not, because not registered in due time as a candidate and had no need for the Pakistani parliamentarian bachelor`s degree.

In the elections held on February 18 PNP won first place and the second place was the "Pakistan Muslim League - Nawaz" (PML-N) - Nawaz Sharif faction loyal MLP. This party has become a key partner of the PPP in the Parliament [8]. Gilani was elected to parliament, beating his old rival Bosana, representing the pro-presidential faction of the Muslim League - PML-Q.

In 2007, a few days after Bhutto`s death, Zardari has announced that in the case of pobedyPNP the election the Prime Minister should be Muhammad Amin Fahim (Muhammad Amin Fahim. The period of exile Bhutto Fahim was the main leader of the PPP in Pakistan [6] and the indispensable mediator . between Bhutto and Musharraf Besides him, for prime minister claimed two more influential person in TNG - Shah Mehmood Qureshi (Shah Mehmood Qureshi) and Chaudhry Ahmed Mukhtar (Chaudhry Ahmed Mukhtar).

Gilani, still held the post of vice-chairman of the PPP, the active participation in the struggle for the post of head of the government did not accept. However, the March 22 ruling coalition nominated for prime minister was his. Appointment associated with the desire to Zardari to become prime minister, when he will be able to be elected to parliament. Gilani, has long been loyal to Bhutto, Zardari could give way more easily than the more prominent party functionaries, who were already in the rivalry against the party leader. Also, observers have noted the likely personal sympathy for Zardari, Gilani: two politicians for some time had been detained in the same prison.

One of the main tasks for the new government was the question of the fate of members of the Supreme Court of Pakistan headed by its Chairman Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry (Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry), which in November 2007 was dismissed and arrested. Trying to get them back into the position would mean an open confrontation with President Musharraf. Sharif, Zardari last enemy, and now - his ally, actively sought the return of the judges. Zardari gave his consent, and the coalition decision was announced on March 9.

March 24, 2008 candidature for the post of Prime Minister Gilani was approved in the National Assembly. Voted for him 264 deputies, and a representative of PML-Q Chaudhry Pervez Ilahi (Chaudhry Pervez Ilahi) - only 42. Speaking after the parliamentarians, Gilani announced the dismissal of judges. He also promised to seek from the UN international investigation into Bhutto`s death. March 25, President Musharraf officially brought a new Prime Minister sworn in.

Yusuf Raza Gilani have four sons and a daughter. In addition to his own clan, he has links with two powerful families in Punjab.