Yakub Ganecky

Picture of Yakub Ganecky

Date of Birth: 03/15/1879

Age: 58

Place of birth: Warsaw

Citizenship: Poland


Born in 1879 in Warsaw in the family of industrialist (remotely Polonized family of German origin). In 1896 he joined the Social Democracy of the Kingdom of Poland and Lithuania (SDKPiL). In 1901 he went to Germany. He studied in Berlin, Heidelberg and the University of Zurich. One of the organizers and a member of the Main Board of Social Democracy of the Kingdom of Poland and Lithuania in 1902, the closest ally of F.Dzerzhinskogo, together with him participated in the 2 Party Congress of the Polish Marxists, later member of 4, 5, and other Party Congress. In 1903-1909 gg. He was one of the leaders SDKPiL. Member of the Revolution of 1905 in Warsaw, since 1907 a member of the Central Committee of the RSDLP. He was a Russian Bureau of the RSDLP Central Committee in 1908-1910.

Repeatedly arrested and expelled. I am running of the links. Organized release from prison (including sprouts) famous Social Democrats. As an active member of the Cracow Union assistance to political prisoners, JS Hanecki in 1914 contributed to the release of VI Lenin from prison in Nowy Targ and move it to Switzerland. He was a member of the board of the Central Committee Abroad SDKPiL.

role in the Russian Revolution

On the eve of the First World War, with the March 1914 Hanecki he lived with Lenin in Poronin on the Russian-Austrian border, and when the local policeman arrested Lenin on suspicion of espionage, with the help of the Austrian Social-Democrat V.Adlera rescued him from prison, explaining police officials, that Lenin was the enemy of the imperial government and the organizer of strikes in Russia. In 1915 Hanecki generally used by Lenin for all sorts of dark deeds, becomes in Stockholm (as Lenin suggested sanctions) employee of "Institute for the study of the causes and consequences of World War II", organizovannyogo A. Parvus (I.Gelfandom) (which was already the reputation of the notorious German agent and which, as is clear from published after world war II documents, created the Institute of German money for doing defeatist propaganda). In the same year, becoming the executive director created Parvus with German money in Stockholm export-import company "Fabian Klingslyand" at what the co-owner of the company had a brother Ganetsky, and its representative in St. Petersburg - a cousin of Eugene Ganetsky Sumenson. In April 1917, he participated in the organization and financing of the move Lenin from Switzerland to Russia and Lenin supplied the money at regular intervals (for his part, Lenin March 31, 1917 introduced him to the Central Committee of the Foreign Office). Money transferred via "Fabian Klingslyand" firm legal counsel, Bolshevik Mieczyslaw Kozlowski, also close to Ganetsky and Parvus. Which revealed correspondence between Ganetsky and Parvus, on the one hand, and Sumenson, Kozlovsky, and a number of prominent Bolsheviks, on the other, as well as the suspicious movement of large sums on the accounts and Sumenson Kozlowski became the basis for the nomination against Lenin and other Bolshevik accusations of treason. According to the latest data, the funding came not so much through direct transfers of money, but on the proceeds from the sale to acquire German money goods (mainly apothecary and confiscated German English cloth) (see details in the question of the .: "nemetskomzolote"). He was convicted for smuggling in Copenhagen; its relationship with the Germans and Parvus have led the party in the proceedings of the RSDLP (b). In early 1918, he was expelled from the party, but restored as a result of Lenin`s personal intervention.

The activities in Soviet Russia

After the October Revolution in Russia Hanecki arrived and was appointed Deputy People`s Commissar of Finance and the Governor People`s Bank of the RSFSR. In 1920 during the war with Poland he was a member of the future of the Soviet government of Poland, took part in the peace negotiations with Poland, was later a member of the board and a member of the boards of Centrosoyuz Commissariat, Foreign Trade and the Foreign Affairs of the USSR (F.Dzerzhinskim sent there to establish trade with other Those countries which had great connections in the social-democratic parliamentary circles). In 1930-1935 GG He was a member of the Supreme Economic Council Presidium of RSFSR. In 1932-1935 GG as head of the State Association of music, pop music and circus. From 1935 was director of the Museum of the Revolution. Arrested in 1937 as a Polish and a German spy.