Date of Birth: 05/12/1838
Place of birth: Poltava Province
Date of death: 19.10.1910 year
"Orenburg newspaper", 1995
James F. Barabas was born May 12, 1838 in the family of the nobility of Poltava. He studied at the Alexander Brest Cadet Corps and leaving it a lieutenant was sent in June 1858 in Rostov Grenadier Regiment (later the 2nd Rostov Grenadier Prince Frederick of the Netherlands).
In 1861, Jacob Barabash transferred to the Life Guards regiment of Lithuanian, and in early 1863, after successfully passing the exams, became a student of the Academy of the General Staff.
In 1865, after completing the course of Sciences, Barabash appointed a member of the Commission of Inquiry at the Warsaw Military District, on his return from Poland is in the Kiev Military District, in the headquarters of the 10 th and the 6 th Infantry Division, the 3rd Guards Infantry Division.
In 1871, the military fate of Jacob Fedorovich comes a drastic change, and Western, populated areas it is being transferred to the other end of the empire: at first in Irkutsk, to the post of staff officer for special assignments for the commander of the East Siberian Military District, and six months later - Urga, where he heads the squad by Russian consulate protection and protection of Russian trade interests in northern Mongolia.
In December 1872 Ya.F.Barabash was appointed as chief of the military affairs of Topographic Department of the East Siberian Military District, and in the same year he conducted statistical surveys in the area of ??the river Sungurov; while Barabash had one more task: to examine as carefully as possible defense device Manchuria and all that is of interest to the military. Coming back to Irkutsk, the researcher checked reconnaissance survey conducted between the river Bureya and Khingan ridge by military topographic Department of Amur Region.
In 1875 Barabash (since 1874 Colonel) was appointed chief of the Irkutsk cadet school, then Chief of Staff of troops the Maritime Region, and later as a Commissioner of the Russian government was sent to Japan, Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands to monitor the implementation of the agreement on the exchange of South Sakhalin, owned by Japan, several Russian Kuril islands and placement of civilian and military order in the territories acquired.
In 1878, when the brewing rupture of relations with Britain (after our victory in the Russian-Turkish war of 1877 - 1878), Colonel Barabash, who served at the time Acting Commander of the Maritime region, was put in charge of units located in Nikolayev, St. Sophia and St. De Castries and destined for the defense of the Pacific coast of Russia, and the following year sent an expedition to explore the ports and bays with the aim to find among them a safe and comfortable in all respects haven for warships.
In 1882 Barabash is again in Manchuria with military and diplomatic mission, getting acquainted with the most important means of communication and the Chinese border fortifications; in 1883 of a plan of defense of Vladivostok from the sea and land, counting the number of the garrison, the need to protect the city, conducting investigations related to alleged gasket in the South Ussuri region of railways; in 1884 he was appointed chairman of the committee to clarify (together with China), the Russian-Chinese border in the Far East, and on June 24 of that year - the military governor and ataman Trans-Baikal Cossack troops.
Seventh February 1888, during a trip to St. Petersburg, Major General Ya.F.Barabashu vruchenprikaz was to be transferred to the post of military governor and commander of Turgay region located on its territory troops.
During his nearly twelve-year governorship here Yakov Fedorovich has made many important and useful things. At the beginning of his reign in the area, there were only two small towns and two small settlements, and at the end of the board - four cities, three Russian peasant townships, three separate rural communities, while the number of schools increased by almost nine times: in 1888 there were eleven, in 1899 - 95. Cares governor steppe hy new schools arose - aul (the first such school was opened June 15, 1892). In cities Irgiz, Aktobe, Kostanay appeared libraries were established society care about public education in Kustanai and Aktobe counties.
When Barabash in Turgay region was carried out medical reform, organized by constant veterinary supervision, strict control of the run and smuggling of animals could completely eradicate rinderpest. the existing means of communication have been improved, from Kustanai to Troitsk post road paved, conducted along his telegraph line.
In 1891, at the initiative of the governor, was started "Turgai regional statements" (published in Orenburg), and in 1895 the unofficial section of "Vedomosti" began to be published as a separate publication titled "Turgay newspaper". Now each number of these publications is priceless - from the point of view of studying the region in economic, ethnographic and historical terms.
Ordeal for the population of the region and its governor was the winter 1891 - 1892 years, much effort has taken away, and cholera, inscribed in 1892 in Aktobe district ... Third October 1899, Lieutenant-General Ya.F.Barabash was appointed governor of Orenburg and ataman Orenburg Cossack army.
As one of the most significant events that took place during the reign of Barabash, noted historian, ethnographer, author of a remarkable "Guide to the city of Orenburg" (1915) P.D.Raysky, carrying the railway from Orenburg to Tashkent length of 1900 kilometers. Permission for its construction were received in early 1901, and June 6, 1902 on the route of the new railway has already passed the first train. PD Paradise wrote: "And in the days of long ago moved from east to west Asian nations, so now from the inside of Russia rushed to Asia Russian immigrants. Where not long ago in the space of hundreds of miles could not find a living soul, now grown huge settlements of farmers and life in the arid steppes of the Kirghiz became noticeably revive. Only now, at the beginning of the 20th century, it was realized the idea converter Russia of Peter the Great on the opening of the key and gate to Central Asia for the "trade and other relations."
Resettlement wave partly touched and Orenburg. The town grew up on the outskirts there were new streets were built churches and mosques, opened cinematographs, in the old part of the city instead of unsightly shacks appeared luxurious mansions in the Art Nouveau style and apartment buildings of three or four floors, the rapidly developing the cooperative movement, increased trade and banking capital, It gathered momentum social life ...
Twenty-eight in January 1904 regular meeting of the Council of Orenburg was interrupted - in this day received a government telegram with the news of the Japanese attack on Russia. Seventh February 1904 was followed by an order to mobilize concessional Orenburg Cossack Division composed of four regiments.
In the Cossack village of the second and third divisions of the military Orenburg Cossack army officers left the headquarters for the recruitment and deployment of training regiments of the second stage.
In the early days of the war of the people prevailed indignation at the actions of the Japanese aggressors, was a high patriotic spirit. Among the letters and messages received by ataman Barabash was a telegram which read: "Baba roaring furnace fueled, dried biscuits!"
A Orenburg Cossack Anna Kozhanova wished to go to war with weapons in their hands. She filed an application for admission of its Cossack regiment, and pledged to go on his own horse, which cost at that time about two hundred rubles. At the training camp under Verhneuralsk Kozhanova carefully studied and looked in the ranks no worse than the Cossacks. Due to the general concerns Barabash, mobilization for Russian-Japanese War took place in an organized, and in early May 1904 troop trains went to the Far East. At the Orenburg Cossacks rode to the front and ten nurses (all in the Russian-Japanese war were 70 nurses from the Orenburg province).
However, it soon began to receive letters from the soldiers to the description of the "victories" of the army. The fall of Port Arthur has made on people depressing impression has been a growing dissatisfaction with the government and the existing order. The fact that the war was not very popular, evidenced by the fact that the number of draft evaders in 1904 amounted to 414 people in the province.
The events of 1905
The war intensified the work of the committees of the RSDLP Orenburg, Chelyabinsk, Yekaterinburg. In October 1904 at Sorochinskaya bazaar were scattered leaflets Samara Committee of the RSDLP "Again mobilization", Buguruslan 1 January 1905 found a proclamation "Demand Peace", and after the events in Moscow on January 9, 1905 in Orenburg, the next day there were leaflets of the local committee RSDLP "The truth about the war" and others. In March 1905 began the strike of workers of the Main railway workshops and depots in Orenburg, in the May strike railroad Chelyabinsk, Orenburg plant Evert and "Orlais" in June strike 340 repairmen station Orenburg, in July - 500 workers Major studios Tashkent railway, August in the fight including the working of gold mines in Miass ... just 1905 in the Orenburg province held 26 strikes and 13 rallies and demonstrations ma