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Witelo

Picture of Witelo

Date of Birth: 1220

Age: 60

Citizenship: Poland

Son citizens of Thuringia and Poles

Vittel, also known as Erasmus Zelek Vitelo (Erazmus Ciolek Witelo), Vitelon (Witelon), Vitello (Vitellio), Vitello Tyuringopolonis (Vitello Thuringopolonis), Vitulon (Vitulon) and Erasmus Zelek (Erazm Cio & # 322; ek), born about 1220-1230 gg., probably in the village of Borek (Borek) or Borough (Borow) in Lower Silesia (Lower Silesia).

His mother was from a Polish knightly house, and his father - a German settler from Thuringia (Thuringia). as he called himself in Latin `Thuringorum et Polonorum filius`, that means` son of the inhabitants of Thuringia and polyakov`. Vitelo studied at the University of Padova (Padua University) about 1260`s, and then moved to Viterbo (Viterbo).

He started a friendship with William of Moerbeke (William of Moerbeke), translator of Aristotle (Aristotle). The main work in optics Vitelo under the simple title `Optika` (Latin.` Perspectiva`), consisting of 10 books and completed approximately 1270-1278 years., Was dedicated to William. Largely `Optika` was based on the work of the Arab polymath Ibn al-Haytham (Ibn al-Haytham) called` Books optiki`. In turn, the work Vitelo strongly influenced by other scientists, in particular, a German optics Johannes Kepler (Johannes Kepler) and the Italian scientist Leonardo da Vinci (Leonardo da Vinci).

`Optika`, based on the study of Ibn al-Haytham, basically was Neoplatonic metaphysics of light. However, the study of light Vitelo considered as a means of introducing mathematical certainty in the science of nature, reaching the highest level in the experimental art. He was able to construct a prism for the study of the spectrum, which was the best for his time, and considering the aesthetic value of individual colors and qualities of the observed object.

In addition, `Optika` influenced the Renaissance theory perspective. The last unfinished work, or third Kommentariy` `(` Commentario terzo`), Lorenzo Ghiberti (Lorenzo Ghiberti) is based on the Italian translation of the Latin `Optiki` Vittel. Also treatise contains much material in psychology, outlining views, close to the modern concepts of the association of ideas and the subconscious.

`Optika` includes platonic metaphysical discussion. Vitelo states that have both intellectual and real, physical bodies, associated on the principle of causality, which corresponds to the basic doctrine of the idealists, Platonists. For Vitelo light - it is, above all, a reasonable person, and his views on the world are similar to those distributed by Roger Bacon (Roger Bacon), although they are still and closer in essence to the teachings of al-Haytham.

In his work Vitelo referred to his other works, most of which have not survived. However, his work `De Natura Daemonum` and` De Primaria Causa Paenitentiae` been restored.

On the moon there is a crater Vittel, named after the scientist.