Date of Birth: 05/19/1876
Place of birth: Greenwich Village
Citizenship: United States
comparative anatomy expert
William King Gregory - American zoologist, known as an expert on primates, paleontology and comparative and functional morphology. Especially well-versed in the dentition of mammals. He was one of the key scientists involved in the development and promotion of the evolution theory. His theories and discoveries represented not only in the court of fellow scientists, but also to students, and rather the general public; He wrote books and regularly arranged museum exhibitions.
Gregory was born in Greenwich Village, New York (Greenwich Village, New York). In 1895th he enrolled in Columbia University - School of Mines in the first case, then at Columbia College. The main specialties Gregory was zoology and paleontology of vertebrates, William worked under the supervision of Henry Fairfield Osborn (Henry Fairfield Osborn). Gregory Osborne later became an assistant. Also in the period of study at Columbia University, he married Laura Grace Foote (Laura Grace Foote). The 1900th William received his diploma and in 1905 he was awarded a master`s degree in the 1910th - a doctorate.
Quite early Gregory became interested in the biology of marine and terrestrial vertebrates; he actively published articles in both categories. By 1911 th list of areas of interest to its enlarged amphibians. Active scientific work and extremely busy schedule does not interfere with work as an editor Gregory `American Museum Journal`, later renamed` Natural History`. In 1911 William officially and formally became a member of the scientific team of the American Museum of Natural History; in 1912th he got to teach at Columbia University. Subsequently, the university was able to grow to Gregory Professor of Zoology Department. Under the supervision of Gregory studied the whole cohort of prominent scientists: Alfred Romer (Alfred Romer), James Chapin (James Chapin), tsp Kemp (CL Camp) and Gladwyn Kingsley Noble (Gladwyn Kingsley Noble). Gregory Museum activity is also perfectly go well, he worked directly curated in three divisions and has held the presidency in two.
In his works, William touched a fairly wide range of different topics, but like a red thread through all of his work was held comparative anatomy. Gregory studies have played a major role in the development of the theory of evolution. William several times conducted research on the relationship of anatomic structures of fossil and modern species. That Gregory developed the principles of habit and heritage: According to his theory, in the development of animals can be distinguished by two main factors. Successor characteristics of their animal ancestors were obliged, while habitus as a factor determined by the conditions in which living beings. Later, William has developed on the basis of this theory, the theory of the palimpsest, according to which the habit is rarely covered or hidden by hereditary factors. Later, biologists have put forward the theory of the evolution of the mosaic, in many respects similar to the theories of Gregory. From an evolutionary point of view William led and other studies; so, while he devoted to the study of lemurs and insectivorous primates.
The 1944th William Gregory left the American Museum of Natural History. In the 1945th he was gone, and at Columbia University. After that, the scientist moved with his second wife Angela in his home in Woodstock, New York (Woodstock, New York). It was in this house, on December 29, 1970, William Gregory died. Back in the 1927th was elected to the National Academy of Sciences, at the time of his death, Gregory was one of the oldest of its members.