Date of Birth: 07/11/1811
Place of birth: Swansea
Citizenship: United Kingdom
Who invented the first fuel cell?
Welsh judge and physicist; author of several studies in the field of the law of conservation of energy and the creator of one of the first fuel cell - the so-called `Grove` element.
William was born in Swansea, South Wales (Swansea, South Wales); He was the only child in the family. Initially, he was educated by private teachers, then began to attend one of the colleges of Oxford (Oxford). At first Grove specialized in classical languages ??and literature; later, however, the mathematician Baden Powell (Baden Powell) awakened his interest in the exact sciences. William graduated from his studies in 1832-m; in 1835. Grove was admitted to the bar. In 1835 the Grove entered the Royal Institution (Royal Institution); Here he became a founding member of the Literary and Philosophical Society of Swansea. With this company, William maintained a fairly close relationship to continue.
In 1829, mGrove met with Emma Maria Pauls (Emma Maria Powles); in 1837-m, they were married. Honeymoon couple spent wandering across the continent; Grove incidentally had the opportunity to leave the job and concentrate on his own scientific research. The result of these investigations was the first independent scientific article Grove; it scientist described some unusual approaches to the construction of electric elements.
In 1839, William proposed a fundamentally new model of the electric element - the so-called `Grove` element. Built element that was at the zinc and platinum electrodes immersed in acid and separated by two ceramics.
In 1840 Grove created the first electric incandescent lamp; later it was his development brought to mind Thomas Edison. In 1840 the William issued another report in the British Science Association (British Science Association); this time he attracted the attention of Michael Faraday (Michael Faraday). Faraday Grove helped get the opportunity to present their work to the judgment of a number of eminent scientists; William took the opportunity of this brilliantly - soon he even offered membership in the Royal Society (Royal Society). In 1841 Grove was the first professor of experimental physics and philosophy at the London Institute.
In 1842 Grove has developed its first fuel cell generates electricity using hydrogen and oxygen; in the course of development, he was able to demonstrate the world`s first process of thermal dissociation of molecules into atoms.
In 1846, William Grove published his work `On the relation between physical sil` ( `On The Correlation of Physical Forces`); in the work he is in many ways anticipated the general theory of conservation of energy. Quite least, however, this theory could develop later - followers Grove conducted a study more accurate order, having developed very considerably William theory.
In 1846, on the Grove was elected to the Royal Society Council; William always blamed fellow society in obduracy and became a member of the Board, announced the need for radical reform. Success Grove reformers have - they were able to dramatically change the face of society and create the legendary `Philosophical Klub` (Philosophical Club). Alas, he Grove in the same year had begun to move away from research activities, by switching to a legal activity. Actively engaged in legal activities William Grove until 1884 th; During this time he has worked on a number of civil and criminal processes.
William Grove, died on August 1, 1896-th; at the time of the death of the great scientist he was 85 years old.