Date of Birth: 12/29/1809
Place of birth: Liverpool
Citizenship: United Kingdom
Gladstone (Gladstone) William Ewart (29/12/1809, Liverpool - 19/05/1898, Harden), English statesman. The son of a wealthy merchant. Educated in the closed aristocratic school at Eton and Oxford, where he studied theology and classical literature. In 1832, elected to Parliament from the Tory party. However, gradually realizing that the development of capitalism and the strengthening of the bourgeoisie make old Toryism hopeless, he began to focus on the Liberals. In 1843-45 Mr. Peel`s trade minister in the government, in 1845-47 Minister of Colonies. In 1852-55, Finance Minister in the coalition government of Aberdeen. In 1859-66, Finance Minister in the Liberal government of Palmerston; during the American Civil War 1861-65 supported the slaveholders of the Southern states. In 1868 he was elected leader of the Liberal Party. In 1868-74, Prime Minister; his government carried out a reform of primary education, legalized trade unions (by typing at the same time a punishment for strikers picketing businesses to combat strikebreakers), introduced the secret ballot in the election. After the defeat of the Liberals in the parliamentary elections of 1874 led the opposition to the conservative government of Disraeli. Being in 1880-85 led government, G. continued expansionist foreign policy conservatives. In 1882 the government, sent British troops to s ahvata Egypt. In Ireland, cruelly suppressing the national liberation movement, at the same time, the government went on minor concessions. The defeat of the British troops in Sudan and complications in Ireland led to the fall of the government, he headed for a short time, the government in 1886, Mr. introduced to Parliament a draft law on home rule, which failure has prompted him to resign. Fighting on the issue dragged on. Once again heading the government in 1892-94, G. spent this bill through the House of Commons, but the Lords rejected it. G. came back down, and its more than 60-year political career ended.
English historiography without due reason created G. glory of the great statesman. Marx applied to G. expression "great" in quotation marks, calling it "arhilitsemerom and casuist."