William Du Bois
Date of Birth: 02/23/1868
Place of birth: Great Barrington
Citizenship: United States
Dubois was born in 1868 in Great Barrington, Massachusetts. Mulatto (both mother and father had a mixed origin). In 1895 he became the first American of African descent, received his doctorate in philosophy at Harvard University, and two years later became a professor of history and Atlanta University of Economics, having been engaged in the study of questions about the social status of blacks. He came to the conclusion that social change will occur only under the influence of disturbances and protests. Dubois views were in opposition to the ideas of another activist for the rights of African Americans of that time - Booker T. Washington, who plays for the social integration of black and white, while Dubois considered true by the formation of so-called black elite, which would work for the benefit of African Americans.
In 1905, Dubois was one of the co-founders of the Niagara Movement (Eng Niagara Movement.) - Civil organization for freedom, and in 1909 together with a group of like-minded people, he founded the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (English National Association for the Advancement of Colored People,. NAACP). In 1910, Dubois left his job at the Atlanta University to focus on the editor of the magazine "Crisis