Werner Sombart

Picture of Werner Sombart

Date of Birth: 01/19/1863

Age: 78

Place of birth: Ermsleben (Prussia)

Citizenship: Germany


Sombart, Werner (Sombart, Werner), (1863-1941) a German economist, sociologist, philosopher. Born in Ermslebene (Prussia) January 19, 1863.

Professor of Economics in Breslau and Berlin. One of the first German sociologists, along with Max Weber led the magazine "Archive of social science and social policy", in the 20s was the first president of the German Sociological Society.

Developing the idea of ??the "historical school" in political economy, Marxist Sombart feels the impact, adjacent to the "Katheder Socialism." Work Modern Capitalism (1902) brings Sombart fame. As in it, and in subsequent studies of the origin of capitalism, Sombart shows the relationship of the economy with diverse social institutions and historical circumstances. Max Weber argued with believing incorrect elimination of capitalism and the Protestant ethic linking its genesis with many different social and psychological factors (Jews and their participation in the formation of the modern economy, St. Petersburg, 1910; Bourgeois, M., 1924; Luxus und Kapitalismus, Berlin 1907; Krieg und Kapitalismus, Berlin, 1911). During the First World War moves to the position of German nationalism in the book Traders and Heroes (1915) contrasts the "heroism" of the Germans British utilitarianism. In the 20 years finally broke with Marxism, developing one of the first versions of "interpretive sociology", and then applying it to political economy (Die drei Nationlokonomien, Munich, 1930). Being one of the leading representatives of the "conservative revolution" in the early 30`s the idea of ??developing a special "German socialism", overcoming both liberal capitalism and Marxist socialism. In 1938 publishes his major philosophical work about man, which develops the ideas of Wilhelm von Humboldt, V.Dilteya and the entire "historical school" of man as the creator and the creation of culture. The publication of this book in which Sombart returned from nationalism to the ideals of humanism leads to conflict with the ideology of National Socialism. This work close circle of the ideas of "cultural anthropology" and E.Rothakera M.Landmana.

Died May 18, 1941 in Berlin.