Celebiography.net

Vladimir Vernadskiy

Picture of Vladimir Vernadskiy

Date of Birth: 02/28/1863

Age: 81

Place of birth: St. Petersburg

Citizenship: Russia

Background

Pedigree

The founder of the Vernadsky - Lithuanian nobleman Verne, who during the war between Ukraine and Poland moved to the side of Bohdan Khmelnytsky. Presumably, Verne was one of the derivative forms of the Catholic name Bernard, which modifies the Slavs in Bernad, vernadite Vernat and others. The descendants of Verna began to write Vernatskimi, were Cossack in Ukraine.

The grandfather of the future scientist - Vasily graduated from the Medical Faculty of Moscow State University and served as a military physician, received a knighthood, took part in the campaigns of the army of Suvorov through the Alps, after which he settled in Kiev, where he was born and his father Vernadsky - Ivan (1821- 1884 years).

Ivan Vernadsky graduated from Kiev University of St. Vladimir, a few years he studied political economy abroad. several years he taught Russian literature in high school, he headed the department of political economy at the University of Kiev, after marrying the daughter of the well-known Russian economist Nikolai Shigaeva - Maria young family moved to Moscow. There Ivan taught political economy and statistics at the University of Moscow. Over time, the family moved to St. Petersburg, where Vernadsky served as professor of the Main Pedagogical Institute. The first wife of ten years after the marriage died, leaving his son Nicholas. For the second time Ivan marries her cousin - daughter of Ukrainian landowner K. Anna Petrovna, a teacher of music and singing.

In the village (great) Shishaki in Poltava at the Vernadsky was the manor, where they almost annually for the summer come with the whole family.

Vladimir Vernadsky was a second cousin of the famous Russian writer Vladimir Korolenko.

Childhood

Vladimir Vernadsky was born on February 28 (March 12), 1863 in St. Petersburg.

In 1868, due to unfavorable climate Vernadsky family moved to Kharkov - one of the leading scientific and cultural centers of the Russian empire. In 1873, Vladimir became the first-grader of the Kharkov classical grammar school.

In 1885 he graduated from the Physics and Mathematics Faculty of St. Petersburg University. In 1890 - assistant professor of the Department of Mineralogy, Moscow State University. In 1897 he defended his doctoral thesis at the University of St. Petersburg. In 1898-1911 professor at Moscow University.

Family

In 1886 Vernadsky married Natalia Egorovna Staritskaya (1862-1943), with whom he lived for more than 56 years. The family had two children: son George Vernadsky (1887-1973), a well-known researcher of Russian history, the daughter of Nina Vernadskaya-Toll (1898-1985), a psychiatrist; Both died in exile in the United States.

Work

Activities Vernadsky had an enormous influence on the development of the earth sciences, on the formation and growth of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, on the attitudes of many people.

Has been a member of the Central Committee of the Cadet Party.

In 1915-1930 chairman of the Commission for study of natural productive forces of Russia, it was one of the founders of the electrification plan. The Commission has made an enormous contribution to the geological study of the Soviet Union and the establishment of its independent mineral resource base.

Since 1912 Member of RAS (later the Academy of Sciences of the USSR). One of the founders and the first president (27 October 1918), Ukrainian Academy of Sciences.

From 1922 to 1939 he organized the director of the Radium Institute. In the period 1922-1926 he worked abroad in Prague and Paris.

He published more than 700 scientific papers.

He founded a new science - biogeochemistry, and made a great contribution to geochemistry. From 1927 until his death he served as director of the Biogeochemical Laboratory of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. He was the teacher of the whole galaxy of Soviet geohimikov.Iz philosophical achievements Vernadsky most famous was the doctrine of the noosphere; He is considered one of the major thinkers of the direction known as Russian Space Art.

In 1943, "for the long-term outstanding work in the field of science and technology" to its 80th anniversary Vernadsky was awarded the Stalin Prize I degree.

Vernadsky called subglacial mountains in East Antarctica. In Moscow and Simferopol in honor of the scientist called prospectuses (see Vernadsky Prospekt (Moscow).) In Kyiv - the boulevard and the National Library of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.

Public views

Despite the fact that Vladimir Vernadsky in Ukraine consider Ukrainian scientists, in 1918 he refused to take the Ukrainian citizenship by Hetman Pavlo Skoropadsky and considered himself a Russian man who defended the unity of Russia and opposed the Ukrainians-independence supporters as the Austro-and Germanophiles.

Vladimir Vernadsky also have a negative attitude to the Ukrainization of 1920-1930, considering it violent. His main cultural and social task he considered the preservation of Russian culture in Ukraine, Association of Ukrainians who cherish Russian culture, and the development of relations with Russian scientific institutions.