Vladimir Bonch-bruevich

Picture of Vladimir Bonch-bruevich

Date of Birth: 06/28/1873

Age: 82

Place of birth: Moscow

Citizenship: Russia


Vladimir was born in a noble family; in his veins flowed the blood fraction Polish. His father was a surveyor; Vladimir himself some time planning to follow in his footsteps, and even entered the Moscow Institute of Land Survey; however, his, he had not had a chance to finish.

Policy Bonch-became interested early on. Even before Moscow, in 1883 he entered the Constantine landmark Institute; from there he was expelled in 1889 for participating in the revolutionary movement. In the period from 1890 to 1892-th Vladimir studied at Kursk, in the School of Surveying; He paid a lot of time and self.

In 1894-m Bonch-acquainted with Vladimir Ulyanov-Lenin; a year later he joined the Bolshevik Party, and a year later he emigrated to Switzerland. There Bonch-continued to actively engage in politics - in particular, sent in pechatnoei printing equipment Russia.

Vladimir Dmitrievich actively participated in the publication of the revolutionary newspaper `Iskra`; largely for the opportunity to find new readers, he began to study the life and beliefs of the representatives of the various sects. The collected materials are subsequently formed the basis of the book of psalms `Animal duhobortsev` book.

At home Bonch-back in 1905. In parallel with the work in the newspaper `New zhizn` he participated in more serious operations - so Vladimir worked on the organization of an armed uprising in St. Petersburg and organized the hiding places (and even underground warehouses) with the weapon. Most attention, however, he gave the press; from 1906 to 1907-th, he worked in the journal `Our mysl` and from 1908 to 1918-th - in the Bolshevik publishing house` Life and znanie`. Revolutionary activity, of course, Vladimir Dmitrievich attracted the attention of the Tsarist secret police, but further periodic arrests is not reached.

In 1917 Bonch-became commandant of the Smolny-Tauride district. At the end of the same year he was appointed to the Committee against pogroms, and later - in February 1918 - the committee of revolutionary defense. A month later, Vladimir Dmitrievich came to the Council of medical colleges, becoming deputy chairman. In 1919, management of Bonch-Bruevich entrusted the sanitary checkpoints in Moscow and the Moscow railway stations as water and sewer - their condition at that time frankly left much to be desired. Do not stop Vladimir Dmitrievich and to cooperate with the press - in the period from 1918 to 1919, he led the Bolshevik publishing house `Kommunist`.

In addition to participating in various committees, Bonch-he worked on the nationalization of the banks, helped to carry out the Government move to Moscow and personally (as managing the affairs of the Council of People`s Commissars) endorsed the decision of the legendary `About terrore` red.

After the death of Lenin, Vladimir Dmitrievich gradually withdrew from politics and switched to scientific activities. He has published several works on the history of the Russian revolutionary movement, religion, atheism and sectarianism, according to the literature and ethnography.

In the period from 1920 to 1929-th he led the collective farm near Moscow experienced `Forest polyany`.

In 1933, Vladimir Dmitrievich became director of the Moscow State Literary Museum; in 1945 it was placed to lead the Leningrad Museum of the History of Religion and Atheism.

Bonch-died July 14, 1955 th; he was buried in the Novodevichy cemetery.