Viktor Vinogradov

Picture of Viktor Vinogradov

Date of Birth: 12/31/1894

Age: 74

Place of birth: Zaraysk

Citizenship: Russia


Born December 31, 1894 (12 January 1895 to the new style) in Zaraysk. In 1917 he graduated from the History and Philology. Institute in St. Petersburg. In the 1920s, he taught at the universities of Petrograd (Leningrad), in 1930 he moved to Moscow in 1930 (with breaks) was a professor at the Moscow City Pedagogical Institute and other universities. In 1934 he was arrested in the same case with N.N.Durnovo; in 1934-1936 and 1941 - 1943 he was in exile. Subsequently, he held various senior positions in scientific organizations Philology Profile: Dean of the Faculty of Philology (1944 - 1948) and head of the Department of Russian Language (1946-1969), Moscow State University. Lomonosov, academician-secretary of the Department of Literature and Language Sciences of the USSR (1950-1963), director of the Institute of Linguistics (1950-1954) and the Institute of the Russian Language (1958 - 1968), Academy of Sciences of the USSR, the chief editor of the journal "Issues of Linguistics" (1952 . -1969), etc. Academician of the USSR in 1946, the deputy of the Supreme Soviet in 1951-1955; foreign member of several foreign academies. Vinogradov died in Moscow on October 4, 1969.

The main work of Vinogradov devoted to the grammar of the Russian language (Russian language grammar teaching of word 1947, then reprinted several times;. Is a systematic exposition of the theory of Russian grammar with a detailed discussion of the views of predecessors on the most controversial issues), the history of Russian literary language (in Russian History Essays literary language, 1934; 2nd revised edition, 1938), the language and style of Russian writers (Sketches of the language of Gogol, 1926; Pushkin Language, 1935; Style of Pushkin, 1941; Science of the language of literature and its problems, 1958). Attended drafting of a glossary edited D.N.Ushakova (vols 1 -. 4, 1935- 1940). He supervised over collective works, in particular, over the two-volume Russian Grammar (1952 - 1954). Since 1957 he has been President of the International Slavic Committee. He created a large scientific school.