Date of Birth: 04/30/1815
Place of birth: Balta
Grigorovich, Viktor Ivanovich - famous Slavist, born April 30, 1815 in Balta, where his father served; Grigorovich`s mother was Catholic, and in a family dominated by Polish. He studied at the Baltic and Uman in the Basilian school, then at Kharkov University. After graduating from the course there, four years spent in Dorpat, diligently engaging in philosophy and classical philology. In 1839 he was invited to Kazan at the Department of Slavic dialects. In 1840, Grigorovich presented in faculty candidate`s essay "An Inquiry into the Slavonic dialect", which spoke in favor (though not definitely) the so-called Pannonian theory of the origin of the Church Slavonic language; then he went abroad and after returning published his master`s thesis: "Experience presentation Slavs literature in its most important epochs." It was, according to Kotlyarovskogo, "the first academic work in Russia`s Slavic literature from the point of view of Slavic reciprocity", the first attempt to "reflect on the individual facts of Slavic history and literature, and show the need for them and a logical sequence"; is not only Russian and Polish literature were considered in parallel as part of a whole, but also compared fictional facts from the life of these peoples, for which until then did not recognize any literature. In 1844, Grigorovich went on a business trip on the Slavic lands, where he remained for 21/2 years, mainly within the European Turkey. This trip was something in the way of the scientist martyrdom, demanded extraordinary energy and love for the cause. Stroke it and some of the results presented in the book Grigorovich "travel essays on European Turkey" (in the "Scientific notes of the Kazan University", 1848, Vol. III of, and separately, 2nd ed., M., 1877). As a professor, Grigorovich attracted extraordinary students while handling ease with them, purely comradely closeness to him. On certain days they were going at it easily. In 1849 Grigorovich useful activity in Kazan was interrupted by his transfer to Moscow, to the place Bodyansky. At Moscow University, where he was to some extent imposed, Grigorovich felt very uncomfortable and almost did not read the lectures; but his vast knowledge and a precious collection of manuscripts removed by them from the Slavic lands and Mount Athos, and it was joined by the service of science, arousing interest in paleography in FI Buslayev et al. Grigorovich returned to Kazan and from 1854 to 1856, in addition to the University, he taught at the Kazan Theological Academy, where he also formed a number of useful workers. In 1865 Grigorovich was appointed professor at the newly opened University of Novorossiysk. Odessa Grigorovich attracted by its proximity to the Slavs and ancient Byzantium and diversity of its population, and among whom "no vocabulary can learn a language", attracted and as a research center of the vast region, preserving the remains in the depths of its rich past; and for new university Grigorovich was a precious acquisition as a person combines almost youthful, despite his 50 years, energy and the willingness of students to lead classes like as their older friend. Grigorovich worked for 11 years in Odessa, and left a most grateful memories and the whole Slavic school of historians and archaeologists. In 1876, Grigorovich has resigned and moved to Elizavetgrad where going to make trips to all corners of southern Russia, but 19 of December of the same in 1876, he died suddenly. His students and admirers at the same time started to collect donations for the construction of a monument to him, which, thanks to the care of the newly founded at the University of Novorossiysk Historical and Philological Society is open to grave Grigorovich October 18, 1892 Proceedings of Grigorovich`s not extensive, but they are all, without exception, of course, independent and deeply imbued with the unity of the original outlook. Grigorovich clear soznal specific tasks of Russian science: the study of Byzantine and Slavic peoples, he pointed to her extensive and fruitful field, provided it, if not exceptional, the pre-emptive use of history itself; with Buslaev and others. He was the founder of scientific, historical Slavophilism, in contrast to Moscow Slavophilism polufilosofskomu, polupoeticheskomu. Major works Grigorovich addition to the above: "Articles relating to the Old Slavonic language" (Kazan, 1852.); "Description of the Four, the written Glagolitic" ( "Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences, in the Department II.", II, 242, 1852); "Message Russian Metropolitan John II" ( "Scientific notes compartment II Academy of Sciences", I, 1854); "On Serbia in its relation to the neighboring powers in the XIV - XV century." (Kazan, 1859); "Ancient Slavic monument, supplementing the life of the Apostles Cyril and Methodius" (Kazan, 1862); "How to express the attitude of the Church of Constantinople to the neighboring northern peoples at the beginning of the tenth century." (Odessa, 1866); "From the annals of science Slavic" ( "Notes of the Novorossiysk University", VI, 1871); "Comenius, Slavic educator realist XVIII century." (Odessa, 1871); "Notes on a trip antiquarian it to Kalka and Kalmus and so on."; "The participation of Serbs in our social relations" ( "Notes of the Novorossiysk University", XXI, 1876). After Grigorovich`s death in "Proceedings of the Kiev architect. Congress" published a number of his essays, and Professor Smirnov published in Warsaw Voronezh and its three university courses. Part of its precious manuscripts, taken from the Slavic lands and Athos, Grigorovich donated Novorossiysk University at its very basis (description V. Motschulsky published in the 1st edition of "Annals of Historical and Philological Society", Odessa, 1890); his other manuscripts, early printed books and paper purchased Rumyantsev Museum. - See Sreznevsky "Collection Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences et seq.", XVIII;. Murzakevich "Notes of the Odessa Society of History and Antiquity", XI; Assumption "Memoirs of Grigorovich" ( "Annals of Historical and Philological Society", 1890); Kirpichnikov "Vladimir Grigorovich and his importance in the history of Russian science" ( "Historical Journal", 1892, number 12); Kochubinsky "AJ Comenius. VI Grigorovich" (Odessa, 1893), and others. The largest number of materials collected, "Slavic Review" 1892, July et seq. - Avg. Vengerov, "Sources of the dictionary of the Russian writer," and Yagitch "Slavonic Encyclopedia". A. Kirpichnikov.