Vasily Golitsyn

Picture of Vasily Golitsyn

Age: 71

Citizenship: Russia


One of the most illustrious people "fatherland", Golitsyn was the most prominent figure in the government circle under Tsar Fyodor, standing out from the rest of the boyars erudition, humanity and the whole bent of his life in the Western European way. He belonged to that part of the society, which was under the influence of the Polish-Catholic. Golitsyn knew Latin, German and Polish; he had a diverse library. In his Moscow home, one of the finest in Europe, according to the foreigners, retracted into a foreign way, always waiting for their hospitable meeting, too, as Europeans: the owner threw them questions, interested in contemporary political life of Europe. Golitsyn built a broad reform plans of socio-political; I thought about the need to transform the whole political system, setting the basis for the destruction of serfdom with the vesting of the peasants of land, which they enjoyed. In the words of Kliuchevskoi, "Golitsyn, the youngest of the predecessors of Peter, went into their plans much more senior." During the reign of Theodore Alekseevich it was convened with the participation of the elected commission - one for the development of a new system of tax-paying taxation, the other for reconstruction of selfless deeds. Both operated under the direction of Golitsyn. The first did not come to positive results. The second introduced a new painting servitors to their companies, took various other measures to improve the drill part and has developed an appeal to the king about the need to abolish the parochialism that was canceled January 12, 1682 The death of Tsar Feodor Golitsyn alienated from the government affairs. Golitsyn belonged to the party Miloslavskys from which the head, Princess Sophia, he was connected to the cardiac affection. Nevertheless, Golitsyn was not involved in the conspiracy that led to the Sofia authorities. Golitsyn took first place in the Sofia government. Humanity, education, striving for broad reforms Golitsyn laid some imprint on domestic politics during the reign of Sophia. In foreign policy, the most important thing was the conclusion in 1686 of perpetual peace with Poland, on which for the Russian region have been strengthened, won in the XVII century, by the way, and Kiev. After that, the world Russia was drawn into an alliance with Austria and Poland against Turkey. By virtue of the union treaty Russian troops had occupied the Crimea. The first campaign in 1687, the heads of which had to take Golitsyn, was left unfinished. The troops, due to fires in the wilderness, had to go back. And second campaign Golitsyn was also unsuccessful. The army came along the deserted steppe before Perekop, where was to go back, pressed by the Tatar troops. Movies dropped prestige Golitsyn. Naryshkin party accused him of negligence. Position Sophia became shaky. Golitsyn could no longer support her. Interests ruler was given to the chief guard Shalkovity archers who did not stop at no means. "The Empress you not be better queen lime", - he said. Golitsyn, whose personal sense put into the ranks of supporters of Sophia, he could not approve of such measures, but could not help but wish them success. In the ensuing movement in September Streltsi Golitsyn did not participate. Streltsov was waiting for the massacre. Golitsyn, accused of arbitrariness and negligence during the Crimean campaign, was stripped of his honor, nobility and property and exiled with his family in Kargopol. Later, he was falsely accused of treason, in that he took the money of the Crimean Khan. As a result, he was sent to izveta Pustozersk and then with. Kologory Pinezhsky County. Golitsyn buried in Krasnogorsk Mother of God Monastery, near the Pinega. Golitsyn was married twice: Princess Fedosya Vasil Dolgoruky, who died childless around 1685, and the second time on Evdokia Ivanovna Streshneva, by whom he had 4 sons and 2 daughters.