Vasiliy Veniamin (kasanskiy)
Date of Birth: 04/17/1873
Born in the family priest in the village. Nimensky graveyard Kargopolsky have. Olonets lips. At the end of the Petrozavodsk DS she entered the St. Petersburg YES, which in 1895 took monastic vows, and in 1896 was ordained to the priesthood. Upon completion of the Academy (1897) he was appointed professor of Sacred Scripture in the Riga DS. Since 1898 the inspector of Chelm DC, from 1899 - St.-Petersburg. In 1902 he was elevated to the rank of Archimandrite and appointed rector of the Samara DS. Since 1905, the rector of the St. Petersburg DS. January 24. Consecrated in 1910 in the Alexander Nevsky Lavra in Bishop. Gdov, Vic. St. Petersburg diocese. The population of the capital lord loved for his kindness and warmth. Receiving it was always full of people, he tried to listen to everyone and comfort.
Bishop sympathized monarchical movement and provide support. In the summer of 1911 together with the Archbishop. Anthony (Khrapovitsky) and Bishop. Grodno Mikhail (Yermakov) he performed the rite of bookmarks Feodorovsky Cathedral in memory of the 300th anniversary of the reign of the House of Romanov in St. Petersburg, on the corner of Tverskoy lane. and Poltava street. The cathedral was built on the donations collected by the Union of the Russian People (SRN) and others. Monarchist organizations in Russia, and was conceived as a temple-monument to the patriots of the Faith, Tsar and Fatherland which laid down their lives. The temple had planned to move the icon of Our Lady of the Theodore, which was blessed in the kingdom of the first Emperor of the Romanov dynasty, Mikhail Feodorovich. Later, Bishop served prayers at the opening of Congress supporters Markov (4-th All-Russian Congress of the Union of Russian People in St. Petersburg on May 14-16, 1912), the 5th All-Russian Congress of Russian People in St. Petersburg 16-20 May 1912 and 6 - Russia Congress of Russian People in St. Petersburg on 19-23 February. 1913.
March 2, 1917 after the arrest and deposition with the Department of Metropolitan of Petrograd. Pitirim (Oknov) management of the Metropolitan Diocese was temporarily assigned to the first vicar bishop. Gdov Benjamin that March 6 was elevated to the rank of archbishop. June 3, 1917 Bishop was elected Archbishop. Petrograd and Ladoga. This was the first national election to bishop pulpit. August 13th. 1918 elevated to the rank of Metropolitan.
In 1921-1922 the Soviet authorities a new attempt to destroy the Church in Russia was undertaken. The reason for the unleashing of repression was elected to the famine in the Volga region. Withdrawal of liturgical objects in the churches of Petrograd was accompanied by unrest of the people. The church Putilov workers are not allowed to make a withdrawal. In other parishes when a Soviet commission hit the alarm, summoning the faithful to resist. In May Metropolitan. Benjamin was arrested and placed in pre-trial detention house. Apart from him, to the point of resistance to the confiscation of church property has been brought 86 people. The trial of Metropolitan. Benjamin took place from 10 June to 5 July 1922. The Tribunal sentenced to death Met. Benjamin and another 10 people. He was shot together with Archimandrite. Sergius (Shane), IM and Kovsharovym Yu.P.Novitskim in the night from 12 to 13 August at the station Powder Irinovskaya rail. Before his execution were all shaved and dressed in rags, it was impossible to know the clergy. Glorified in April 1992 at the Council of Bishops of the Russian Orthodox Church.