Date of Birth: 07/02/1860
Born in Priluki in a noble family, descended from the famous Zaporizhzhya Cossack chronicler Samuel Velichko, author of "Annals of events in South-West Russia in the XVII century.". He spent his childhood on the family farm Vernigorovschine, where there were to be friends with his ancestors Nikolai Gogol, Mikhail Glinka, T. Shevchenko, NI Kostomarov. Educated at the Kiev pension Daniel and the Law School (1883). Even in years of study in 1880 in the "Pictorial Review" published his first poem. His works were published subsequently in the "Light", "Russian Thought", "New Times", "Journal of Europe", "Russian Gazette", "Northern Herald", "Niva", "Week" and OE periodicals. In 1890 came the first collection of poems, "East motives", and 4 years later came "The second collection of poems" and "Poems for Children". In addition to poetry Velichko wrote several dramatic works ( "The first fly" (Griboyedov prize awarded), "A descendant of Don Juan", "Gusher" and others.), He wrote novels and short stories. He was the organizer and soul of the literary circle, which existed in St. Petersburg in the 80`s -. N. 90. Circle was going to his relatives and co-author of several dramatic works MG Muretovoy, which was later a member of the PC (and her children). This circle included well-known figures russkoykultury philosopher VS Solovyov, writers N. Leskov and DL Mordovtsev, painters Ilya Repin and Nikolai Karazin, scientist Veselovsky and OE (About his friend Vladimir Solovyov after his death, Velichko wrote an excellent book ).
In 1896, breaking all friendships and literary connections, Velichko went to Tiflis to edit the newspaper "Caucasus". It showed itself as an active fighter for the Russian business in the Caucasus, turning the newspaper into combat patriotic body, defending Russian national interests. At the same time, he has amassed a lot of powerful enemies in the bureaucracy environment. In February 1904 on. I. delight, speaking at the memorial service for the dead poet in Tbilisi, he said: "Yes, so much his enemies, even the open prayer meetings for the commemoration of the late minister of Russian business are not safe in the sense that ... prosecute them, the pressure and condemnation from the conscious or unconscious enemies of Russian business. " In 1899 he was forced to leave the editorial chair, he returned to St. Petersburg. From now on, his life`s work was - to light the "dawn of self-consciousness" (a line from his poem). Therefore, it is not only the singer of the Russian idea, but also a fighter for the Russian idea.
While among the patriotic intelligentsia capital work was carried out on the organization of nationalist circle. Velichko vnee involved, and it was soon established Russian Collection. In April 1902 he became co-editor of an influential national-conservative journal "Russian Gazette", which fully revealed his talent as a publicist. In 1902-1903 he published a series of articles devoted to topical issues of Russian life under the title Russian speech: "Self-management and self-activity", "aliens and outskirts", "Question of the workers", "Fatal question", "Zionism" and OE 1903 It was one of the most fruitful in his creative biography. Velichko published a historical drama "Menshikov" and a new collection of "Arabesque" poems in which he appeared as a successor of the traditions of Russian philosophical poetry. One of the poems collection "Russian Assembly" has become a hallmark of poetic patriotic movement. In October. Velichko fell ill with pneumonia and was forced to resign the second editor of "Russian messenger."
Velichko, died in the prime of life - at the age of 43 and a half years. "Mysterious and enigmatic" thought known spiritual writer SA Nilus his death as the deceased shortly before (and not too old), his friend VS Solovyov. Total himself without reserve Velichko gave to the struggle for Russia`s national interests. Even on his deathbed, his thoughts were about the fate of the Fatherland. Witness his death brings the dying words of the poet, turned to his friends: "Think about the good of Russia, the King and the people! .. Soul King - the soul of the people! He was a protege of God, the people living connection with God! .. The people are not to blame for the evils of the Russian intelligentsia. On the wings of his spirit ascends Russia over the world! .. Go away to the village! There will be worked out formulas that will lead Russia victoriously on the right path! .. ". Certificate of another witness: (There was no commotion, no screaming. It was quiet and solemn ... So die the best Russian people. Clean and powerful soul of a poet and a fighter Russian identity left the diseased body stately and calm. "
Monarchists highly revered memory of the poet and one of the founders of the PC. Every year a large gathering of participants were held in the evening to his memory, in which many were personally knew Velichko figures right-monarchist movement. In the article "Religious freedom is the essence and the writer" Velichko turned a fiery appeal to all Russian writers dedicate their talents to serving no mortal idols of this world, but the eternal ideals and shrines. He wrote: "Let everyone who enters the sacred Temple of Literature, tells me:" I do not want to be a bright electric lamp door kafeshantana corrupt. I prefer to be barely prominent svechechkoy wax before the altar of my holiness!!! "".