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Vasiliy Iii

Picture of Vasiliy Iii

Date of Birth: 03/25/1479

Age: 54

Citizenship: Russia

Background

The Grand Duke of Moscow and All Russia, the son of Ivan III and Sofia -Paleolog. After the death of the successor - Ivan the Young, Ivan III`s son from his first marriage, there was a struggle for the succession to the throne, from which the winner came Vasily Ivanovich. He was appointed first Grand Prince of Novgorod and Pskov, and later co-ruler Ivan III, after whose death Vasily III ascended the throne unhindered October 27, 1505

Vasily III continued his father`s policy towards Lithuania and Poland. The ultimate goal of it was annexed to Moscow all the western Russian regions, and immediate tasks - joining of separate cities and areas, submission of boundary minor princes, upholding orthodoxy interests of the Lithuanian state, in particular - the protection of the Grand Duke`s sister, Queen Helena, from attacks on her faith and recognition by the Lithuanian and Polish title of Grand Duke of Moscow - "The Emperor of All Russia." After the death of King Alexander was elected to the Lithuanian throne Sigismund. He filed a claim for the return of occupied cities of Ivan III, but was refused. Shortly before moving on to Moscow a prominent and rich Lithuanian grandee prince Michael Glinsky; its troops and other service princes began to fight the Lithuanian lands. Allies of Lithuania - Kazan, Crimea and Livonia - did not help her, and in 1508 by the Treaty of all acquisitions of Ivan III remained after Moscow, and all won Glinsky was returned to Lithuania. In 1512 Vasily III Ivanovich again marched, besieged Smolensk, but to no avail. Only in 1514 Smolensk surrendered, and after dark side of Moscow joined Prince Mstislav.

In Orsha Moscow forces suffered a crushing defeat from the hetman Prince Constantine Ostrog. In Smolensk part of boyars and the prince brought relations with Lithuania, but the governor of Prince Shuisky hanged traitors, except the lord, and repulsed the attack of the city, after which the war was waged rather sluggishly. In 1517, he appeared with the mediation between the warring Emperor Maximilian through its ambassador Baron Sigismund Herberstein (leave the way, wonderful memories of Russia), but failed. In 1520 an armistice was concluded for five years without an exchange of prisoners, but the abandonment of Smolensk for Moscow. In 1526, we resumed the negotiations on eternal peace under the mediation of the emperor, but Vasily III, they did not lead to anything: the two sides do not want to sacrifice Smolensk.

Meanwhile the population of Smolensk and its area gradually varied: local residents were taken to the Moscow region and the residents of these areas were moved to Smolensk - the usual measure of the Moscow policy.

In the south we are still protected the Russian border from raids Crimeans. They load with presents "commemoration" Khan, princes, etc. murzas incited Crimea to raids on Lithuanian lands. Lithuania, for its part, encouraged attacks on Moscow. The most significant of these attacks were committed Crimeans in 1521 .; they managed to reach Moscow and to force boyars, Veda Moscow in the absence of the Grand Duke, to pay off. Voevode Khabar Simsk, however, succeeded in defeating the Tartars in Pereyaslavl-Ryazan.

The relations with Kazan were very difficult. At first (1506) had to make a campaign against Kazan, rebelled against Moscow. The campaign was unsuccessful, but soon Vasily III managed to subjugate Kazan and its king Mohammed Amin. After the death of the latter (1518) Vasily III appointed the Kazan king Shah-Ali (Shig Alley), but in 1521 he was expelled from Kazan and invited from Crimea Saip Giray, pobivshego many Russian. In 1523 Vasily III made a great campaign to Kazan and on the way back to Surah built city Vasilsursk. In 1524, he made a new campaign to Kazan, which led to the flight of Saip Giray and the proclamation of the king of Kazan Safa Giray. Vasily III of, for his part, appointed the first king of the newly-Ali Shah, but then at the request of Kazan citizens - Jan Ali. When Vasily III Tatar princes continued to come to Moscow service, receiving vast land.

Vasily III negotiated with Prussia, inviting her to an alliance against Lithuania and Livonia, with Denmark, Sweden, Turkey (to no avail), with the Pope (about union and war against Turkey). When Vasily III began relations with France and came to the embassy from one of hindu sovereigns, sultan Babura (1533).

The aim of Basil III to Pskov and principalities was still joining. To achieve this on Wed COROLLARY did not hesitate. In 1510, Pskov was joined to Moscow, and after that the Pskov population partly removed in the Moscow lands, and in its place resettled people from the Moscow region. When the last grand prince of Ryazan, Ivan Ivanovich, wanted to get rid of Moscow`s tutelage and started relations with Lithuania, Vasily III win over prominent ryazanskogoboyarina - Korobina and luring the Grand Prince of Ryazan, Moscow, imprisoned him in prison, and the Grand Duchy annexed to Moscow. The usual method of the Moscow policy was applied to the Ryazan population.

By Moscow gradually moved Novgorod-North-sky and Starodub, Kaluga and Uglich.

Measures were taken against all the boyars and nobles; They took with them "handrails records" that they do not otedut. However, with the boyars Vasily III treated carefully; none of them, except for a relatively humble Bersen Beklemisheva not subjected to the death penalty, and Opal were few. Instead, attention and large Vasily III had no aristocracy, consulted with the Boyar Duma, apparently more for form and "meeting", ie objections did not like solving the case mainly with clerks and few trusted people, among whom figured prominently butler - Ivan Shigony, clerk of the Tver boyars. Nevertheless, the power of tradition was such that all the prominent places in vvyske and Vasily III had to appoint representatives of the management of suspicious him nobility.

From marriage to Solomon Aloetic Basil had no children, and in 1526 he divorced her, she vows Solomon nuns and married Elena, the daughter of Prince Vasili Glinski. From this marriage were born sons Ivan (the future Terrible) and feeble-minded Yuri.

Vasily III of, judging from the stories of his contemporaries, was a harsh temper and tough; he was a typical Moscow prince, but, according to some historians, without gifts of his father. Vasily III died from a malignant abscess, having a haircut in agony under the name of Varlaam.