Picture of Varfolomey

Citizenship: Russia


V. On the life before his election as abbot of the monastery there is almost no information. We only know that he was at Solovki postrizhennikom lived in the monastery for more than 10 years, working in the choir, the behavior was "irreproachable" and "drunken drink did not drink." Before his election to the abbots served in Vologda, where he headed the town church of the monastery with the rank of clerk elder. The election of his abbot happened in the autumn of 1659, after the death of Archimandrite. Ilya. The brethren of the monastery, choosing him, was sure that he would not change settled in the monastery and customs "uchnet live according to the tradition of the great miracle workers throughout the monastic diocese uchnet save harmless, like the previous government in the Solovetsky monastery lived." In March 1660, on Palm Sunday, Bartholomew was placed in Moscow in the rank of Archimandrite by Metropolitan of Novgorod Macarius, and "then attended occurs Council in the case of Patriarch Nikon to the Council end, and signed by his decision, so he could go to his abode only at the end of August. But the new rector of the Solovetsky monastery could not do anything against the common judgment of the brethren, held June 8, 1658, of non-acceptance novopechatnyh Missal. And while a year later it was time to make up, along with all the priests of the monastery, and with all the brothers in the black council October 22, 1661 a new sentence to the example of the Cathedral Church in Moscow and of all the monasteries and enter in the Solovetsky Monastery "adverbial singing" continue to make service novoispravlennym for printed books, but the sentence remained a dead letter and not a doer, as revealed through time. In early 1663, as soon as Archimandrite Bartholomew went on monastic affairs in Moscow, in the monastery there was a great turmoil due to the fact that in the liturgy the priests noticed some slight deviations from the established rank. Especially attacked everything in ustavshchika priesthood Gerontius, accusing him that he came to the steward and asked for new cluzhebnikov, is still in the monastery`s treasury to them to serve, and, in spite of the solemn certificate of Gerontius, that he had "neither the mind nor the in the thoughts that had never happened to desire new cluzhebnikov "and threatened to kill him. After receiving the news of the turmoil, Archimandrite hurried back from the road to the monastery and on the investigation into nakazavvinovnikov distemper, was (16 February 1663) along with all the priests and deacons of the Monastery of the sentence to "continue on their indignation was not no ranks and no novovvodnyh "and one of them will enter the ranks are any new sovereign decree and without the saint`s command or rebuke another novovvodnymi ranks and not to prove the humble monastery cruel humility; even if he will turn the Archimandrite church ranks and without introducing new emperor and episcopal decrees, then Archimandrite priests should feel free to talk about, and if you do not obey, then write it to Metropolitan of Novgorod. After the introduction of the verdict in the Solovetsky monastery new cluzhebnikov instead of previously used old I had nothing to think, although the sentence, not without the intention contained in such general terms in the letter did not touch the new cluzhebnikov. The split did not cease to take root in the monastery. Elder Gerasim Firsov wrote a new essay or distributed only on the addition of former fingers under the name: "The message to his brother," is putting numerous extracts from various books and certificates of dvuperstii hitherto employed dissenters. And another old man Teoctist, who was in exile in Anzersky desert, was "The Tale of the Antichrist and the mysteries of the kingdom of his," where, revealing his thoughts, that the Antichrist is already reigns in the world spiritually and sensually reveals itself in their Forerunner - Roman popes, tried to prove that Nikon has a forerunner of the Antichrist. Both of these works, written before the Council in 1666, a lot could contribute to strengthening the split in the Solovetsky Monastery and its environs. " B. Offering high office abbot, brothers thought that he would be strict and zealous adherent of the old order and the church. customs. But things turned out differently. V. became the head of the moderate adherents of antiquity: he wanted a way to please both the authorities and the strict Old Believers of Solovetz. fraternity. But, he did not reach either one or the other. Through its activities, B. not only dying rebellious brother, but even more kindled her passion. Elected rector V. soon as Vologda was sent to Moscow for the construction of the rank of Archimandrite. There he met a warm welcome, both by the Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich, and on the part of Church authorities. The ordination took place only in his Palm Sunday (April 15th. 1660), and W., t. O., The whole winter had to wait rank of Archimandrite. But after that he did not immediately get the opportunity to go to their abode. In Moscow he remained until August. 1660, taking part in a very important churches. the events of that time. When leaving the monastery courtyard they had arranged lunch at a rum was attended by all the spiritual and secular authorities. The monastery was V. without any instructions on how to do it in reality implement tserk.-Rite. reform. So he began to do so, as he found it necessary. Taking control of the monastery in his hands, he tried to introduce V. t. N. "Adverbial singing" t. E. Even think to use in the new order of the monastery churches. chants, but this attempt ended in complete failure. On the part of the brothers against B. I rose a murmur, he became "many elders hear reproach." The abbot, not wanting to aggravate its relations with the monks, especially not insisted on the adoption of this innovation. After the revolt against the brethren ustavshchika Gerontius about the liturgy celebrated by the statute not held fraternal sentence (16 Feb. 1663), to-Eye reaffirmed the full integrity of the old order, under penalty of denunciation higher authorities on the one who dares to break this sentence. From now until 1666 there was complete peace in the Solovetsky Monastery. The abbot and the brethren, apparently, were unanimous in upholding the old rites. But this unanimity was actually only superficial. In fact, between the rector and the party of strict Old Believers still was latent hostility. Need was only external. excuse this enmity poured out. In con. 1665 B. was summoned to Moscow to take part in the famous churches. Council 1666-1667. Strict Believers together with V. sent a petition to the king that the old church. orders were upheld, at least in the Solovetsky monastery. Q. But not only handed this petition to the destination, but at a meeting of the Council (13 July 1666) confessed that until now he was on the side of the Old Believers, justifying their actions on the living conditions of Solovki. Thus., He not only did not support the aspirations of the majority of his brethren, and gave her head the higher hierarchy. Solovetz. brothers after such a behavior of the abbot publicly raised the issue of the need to elect new Archimandrite. The brethren thought to put in place B. lived in a monastery in the rest of the former Monastery Archimandrite Savvino- Storozhevsky Nicanor or someone else, but only because of the strict environment of the Old Believers. After a very long time the case was resolved, but not the way you want this fraternity Solovetsky monastery. It intervened EDT. pr-in, which is appointed abbot of the monastery Archimandrite. Joseph, a former builder Mosk. monastery monastery, a man who by his views in no way suited to the strict Old Believers. The newly appointed Archimandrite went to the monastery together with V. unfriendly tuned to them brothers met them in the highest degree of hostility. Indignation against them was so great that they decided to return to Moscow. However Solovetz. rebels detained them in the convent. They were taken to separate their cells and put them on 5 people. guard. The position of both arhimandritovnastoyateley proved to be extremely unpleasant. Their fate depended on the Archimandrite Nicanor, who look forward to the brethren of the monastery from Moscow, where he was called pr-tion and where he changed his remorse Old Believers. Nicanor, appearing in the monastery and repented before his brethren in his treason, became the head of Solovetz. rebels. Events in the monastery began to take more and more menacing character. Soon before the rebels raised the question of what to do with 2 Archimandrite Joseph and century-whether their release from the monastery, or to enter into a more reliable custody. Release them from the monastery they did not want, t. To. Afraid that they come to Moscow to complain and thus bring upon the rebels premature judgment. Archimandrite were left in the monastery, and