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Underground

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Citizenship: United States

Biography

Ugly album "Squeeze" confirmed that with the departure of the Reed group ceased to exist.The idea is that the disc does not deserve to be a part of the discography of "Velvet underground". Despite the misfortune, handed during its brief existence, "Velvet underground" has become one of the most influential rock bands, especially during the 80s, when a new generation of artists from the "Joy division" to "Jesus And Mary Chain",continued their initiative. A number of archival releases, including " 1969 - The Velvet Underground Live", "VU" and "Another view" add interest to the talent "Velvets" and only increased their legendary status.

The antithesis of love and peace the late 60`s,a New York group "Velvet underground" is reflected back towards the hedonism of the era. Lou Reed (born March 2, 1942, New York, USA Guitar, vocals.) And John Cale (born March 9, 1942, Garnant, England;. Alto, bass, organ) contrasted with each other in an individual approach to music, which provided an early fame of the group.Reed was the author and performer of songs, labored on the "Pickwick Records" and played in a number of teams, the most famous of which was the "Primitives". Cale, classical prodigy, wanted to study in America, to do science, but I was involved in a group arose when presented his viola passages antitantsevalnoy composition Reed "The Ostrich".The third member of the "Primitives" Walter De Maria Sterling was replaced shortly Morrison (born August 29, 1942, New York, USA, from August 30, 1995, New York, USA.. Guitar), classmates at Reed Sirakuzkomu University. Team members were supplemented by drummer Angus Maklaysom (v. Nepal, 1979)who suggested the name for the band "Velvet Underground", taken from the cover of a cheap laptop. Maklays also provided equipment group at the first concert, but left when the "Velvet" began to take money for their performances. He came to replace Maureen "Moe" Tucker (b. 1945 NewNJ, USA), Sterling Morrison sidekick sister.In one of his speeches "Velvet underground" in the cafe "Bizarre" in 1965, the band caught the eye of one of the ideological leaders of the new generation of pop art Andy Warhol. He invited them to join the project "Exploding Plastic Inevitable", a theatrical mixture of music, cinema, dance and light show,and persuaded them to add to its membership actress and singer Nico (Christa Paffgen, p. 16 October 1938, Cologne, Germany, in. July 18, 1988).

In the spring of 1966 the band recorded their debut album, but respectable labels refused to release him because of the long tracks with questionable content. In the end,"The Velvet Underground And Nico" was released only next year on "MGM / Verve". Nominally, this disc was recorded Warhol produced, but it is only financed the project and drew the famous "banana" for the cover of the envelope. The album is a powerful collection of urban infatuations in Reed`s view,with the charm of street culture and immorality, bordering vuayyarizmom. Reed `s talent, however, was more than simple opportunism. His keen understanding of the rhythm - and-blues increased graphic lyricism whereby songs about drugs ("I`m Waiting For The Man", "Heroin"),sadomasochism ("Venus In Furs") or purification ("I`ll Be Your Mirror") was memorable not only because of their subject matter, but also because of the colorful composition. All this reinforces the delightful sound of viola Cale, Nico Gothic intonations and relentless pulse Tucker. But the early work "Velvet underground" has been assessed properly only after a long delay. Contemporary critics were confused, not knowing what the music world has to deal. Time has proven that in the face of the rock group has received the founders of the new influences, and their story became a legend.

Nico th 1967 gave way to a solo career, And the remaining quartet appeared then without patronage Warhol. Sessions for the second album "White Light / White Heat" efforts of other internal conflicts, and six tracks were marked by raging intensity. While the title track and the inexorable "I Heard Her Call My Name" was close in spirit to the "I`m Waiting For The Man",Two other songs "The Gift" and "Sister Ray" sounded more radical. The last thing recorded "live" sound sexy and ruthless dissonant, it was the 17 - minute tour de force most inspired atonal instrumental work of John Cale.

Unfortunately, Cale left the band and was replaced by bassist Doug Yule. The third album,simply titled "The Velvet Underground" had a more delicate and more subtle pastoral approach, keeping frightening, restless aura of previous releases. Now the quartet was completely under the influence of Reed, but the last time they rage slipped on several interludes. "Loaded" was more commercial album.Released in 1970this disc contains one of the most popular songs of Reed "Sweet Jane", and sounded very optimistic, in contrast to the previous works. Paradoxically, after the release of "Loaded" Lou Reed gave up the group, which he created, and Doug Yule, who encouraged the commercial aspect of the album, took over the reins.Ugly album "Squeeze" confirmed that with the departure of the Reed group ceased to exist. The idea is that the disc does not deserve to be a part of the discography of "Velvet underground". Despite the misfortune, handed during its brief existence, "Velvet underground" has become one of the most influential rock bands, especially during the 80s,when a new generation of artists from the "Joy division" to "Jesus And Mary Chain", continued their initiative. A number of archival releases, including " 1969 - The Velvet Underground Live", "VU" and "Another view" add interest to the talent "Velvets" and only increased their legendary status.Recovery team in 1993 in the original lineup (without Doug Yule and Niko) for a tour warmly welcomed by the fans. Unfortunately, Cale and Reed remembered the old squabbles and all future plans crumbled. Only once "Velvet underground" came together at the ceremony of initiation into the "Rock and Roll Hall of Fame" in 1996. Sadly,but Sterling Morrison died a few months before the event.

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