Ulrich Vilamovits-mellendorf

Picture of Ulrich Vilamovits-mellendorf

Date of Birth: 12/22/1848

Age: 82

Citizenship: Germany


Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Mollendorff was born into a noble family December 22, 1848 in the family estate Markowitz (in what was then the German part of Poland, in Posen / Poznan).

The original classical education in high school in Shulpforte (a place near Naumburg, in Saxony-Anhalt), where he studied with the spring (from "Easter"), 1862 to October 9, 1867. He graduated from the universities of Bonn, where he studied from October 1867 to August 1869, and Berlin, where he studied from October 1869 to 14. VII. 1870.

After a brief military interlude - participation in the Franco-Prussian War (20 July 1870 - 20 July 1871) - Scientists resumed classes. He taught at the universities of Berlin (winter semester 1874/75 - Winter semester 1875/76), Greifswald (summer term 1878 - summer semester 1883), Gottingen (winter semester 1883/84 - Winter semester 1896/97) and, finally, Berlin again ( summer term 1897 - summer semester 1929).

Gradually it emerged as an outstanding representative of the science of classical philology in Germany. In addition to the actual scientific naredkost productive activities as a researcher and university professor of antiquity was great value as Wilamowitz and social activities. He was a prominent and influential figure of the Berlin Academy of Sciences. With his active participation took the election as a corresponding member of the Academy of Russian classics scholar MI Rostovtsev (in June 1914).

Political orientation Wilamowitz different fundamental conservatism. In this regard, it should be noted its proximity to the German imperial court. During the First World War took a pronounced nationalistic stance, he participated in the drafting and signing of public manifestos in defense of German policy. Note also part of his family members in military actions and in this regard - the death of his son Wilamowitz on the eastern front. In the following characteristic rejection of the November Revolution of 1918 and the nostalgia for the old regime.

Wilamowitz was married to the eldest daughter of the famous novelist Theodor Mommsen - Mary. In turn, his own daughter Dorothea became the wife of a prominent classic Friedrich Hiller von gartringen.

Wilamowitz lived a long life, up to the end of his days without stopping nuchnyh classes. He died in Berlin on the 83 th year of life, 25 September 1931

Wilamowitz-Mellendorf implement a comprehensive synthesis of philology and ancient history of material culture, which allowed him to overcome the stagnation in Philology, due to too long domination of historicism in methodology. Wilamowitz-Mellendorf expanded the scope of the material being studied classical philology, including among the periods Hellenistic period than was ever established tradition interrupted by the preferred orientation of the study of the classical period of antiquity. Drafted Wilamowitz-Mellendorfom "book to read in Greek" (vols. 1-2, 1902), is a collection of brilliantly commented sample a wide variety of areas of Greek literature, played a decisive role in the implementation of the reform of teaching ancient languages.

Practically any text Greek author Wilamowitz-Mellendorf made its corrections. They re-processed texts of the Greek lyricists - Vakhilida, Pindar and the tragedians - Aeschylus and Euripides. Known to his edition of Euripides, Aeschylus, vols. I-II, 1914; exemplary interpreter of the Greek tragedians. He worked on Plato`s edition, vol. I-II, Menander, and others. "The history of Greek literature," Wilamowitz-Mellendorfa (Die Griechische Literatur des Altertum,