Tommazo Kampanella

Picture of Tommazo Kampanella

Date of Birth: 09/05/1568

Age: 70

Place of birth: Stilo

Citizenship: France

Tommaso Campanella

He was born in Stilo (Calabria, Italy) on September 5 1568. In 15 years, became a Dominican monk in the Order of the schools he studied the works of Aristotle, Thomas Aquinas, astrology and Kabbalah. After reading the work of Telesio On the nature of things according to its own principles (De rerum natura iuxta propria principia, 1565), he opposed the Aristotelian philosophy and in Telesio protection with the book`s philosophy, which was proved by means of the senses (Philosophia sensibus demonstrata, 1591). He was arrested on charges of heresy, but was soon released; then arrested again in 1593, but acquitted in 1596. At that time, he wrote the works: On Christian Monarchy (De monarchia Christianorum, 1593); Political dialogue against the Lutherans, Calvinists and other heretics (Dialogo politico contra Luterani, Calvinisti e altri eretici, 1595). Arrested again in 1599 on charges of conspiracy against the Spanish regime in Naples, he was sentenced in 1602 to life imprisonment (spent in prison almost 27 years), during which wrote the major philosophical works, in particular Galileo Protection (Apologia pro Galileo, 1622) , On the feeling of things and magic (De sensu rerum et magia, 1620), Defeated atheism (Atheismus triumphatus, 1631) and many others, as well as poems, madrigals, sonnets and drugiepoeticheskie works presented as a favorite (scelta, 1622). Campanella was released in 1626, and in 1629 justified. I tried to bring their ideas to the papal court. In 1634, fearing a new conviction in connection with the conspiracy discovered in Naples, he fled to Paris under the patronage of Louis XIII and Cardinal Richelieu. Campanella died in Paris on May 21, 1639.

In his philosophy Campanella tried to give scientific proof of Christianity on the basis of sensory perception and knowledge of the mind itself. The universe is a mixture of being with nothingness; change is generated by opposite principles of love and razdora.Vse things have souls and feelings - each at their own level; all tends to self-preservation; However, sentient beings can achieve this only by connecting with God.

Political philosophy Campanella in his City of the Sun (La citta del Sole, 1602) contains the preaching of the communist-controlled via eugenics principles of society, which is ruled by a king-priest and three government ministers. This picture reflects the utopian dream Campanella on the treatment of all mankind to Catholicism, and the establishment of a world state under the aegis of an authoritarian type of papal authority ( `Messii` monarchy).