Timothy Buck

Picture of Timothy Buck

Date of Birth: 06/01/1891

Age: 82

Place of birth: Beccles

Citizenship: Canada


Born in the UK. In 1910 he emigrated to Canada. In 1910-1920 he worked as a mechanic, working railway workshops, master in different cities of the United States and Canada. He took part in the working performances in Toronto. In 1921-1929 secretary of the Trade Union Unity League of Canada. In June 1921 one of the organizers of the Communist Party of Canada (CPC).

Nominated for leadership roles in the party after the removal of its ranks first supporters of Leon Trotsky, and then - Nikolai Bukharin. Tim Buck himself was a supporter of Joseph Stalin. Once in opposition sentiment blamed the first party chairman Jack McDonald, Buck led the CCP. In June 1929 - January 1962 Secretary General of the party (in the 1943-1959 year, called the Working Progressive Party of Canada).

Tim Buck neodnokratnopodvergalsya arrest and imprisonment. With the onset of the Great Depression of the Conservative government of Richard Bedford Bennett tightened persecution of the left and the labor movement. August 11, 1931 the headquarters of the Communist Party in Toronto was defeated, and Buck and several of his colleagues were arrested and charged with sedition and preparing armed action. In November 1931 Buck appeared in court and was sentenced to forced labor.

In 1932-1934 Tim Buck was in a labor camp in Kingston, where in 1933 was an attempt to assassinate him during a prison riot. While Buck was in his cell, without taking part in the ensuing scuffle in the hallway, through the window it was made eight shots, that a miracle did not touch the prisoner Communist. Canada`s Minister of Justice Hugh Guthrie, in his speech in the Canadian House of Commons had to admit that such an attempt was indeed made, but "only" in order to "scare" the leader of the Communists. Public campaign has led to the release from prison Buck. Indications Buck had a decisive influence on the reform of the penitentiary system in Canada, and the leader of the Communists became the hero of the civil rights struggle.

In 1935-1943 member of the Executive Committee of the Comintern. Since January 1962 the chairman of the CPC. Unlike the previous post of general secretary, it was more of a ceremonial position as Buck lost his ability to influence Party affairs. In 1977, the posthumous memoirs Buck (Yours in the Struggle: Reminiscences of Tim Buck) were published, based on his interviews Kanadskoyradioveschatelnoy Corporation. In this book, Buck criticized Nikita Khrushchev and protects his idol - Joseph Stalin.

Buck six times to stand for election to the House of Commons, but the majority system has never allowed him to get into the Canadian Parliament. In the federal elections of 1935, he received 25% of votes in the north Winnipeg, giving the center-left candidate Cooperative Commonwealth Federation (the future New Democratic Party) AA Heaps and taking third place. In the elections of 1945 and 1949, Buck received respectively 26% and 21%, both times beating candidates from the FCC. In the subsequent elections in 1953 and 1958, support for the General Secretary of the Communist Party in the elections was only 8.7% and 3.7%.

In the name of Tim Buck called the Soviet ship, is still located in the Murmansk Shipping Company`s balance sheet.