Timofey Granovskiy

Picture of Timofey Granovskiy

Date of Birth: 03/21/1813

Age: 42

Place of birth: Eagle

Citizenship: Russia

Professor of History

Granovsky joined in St. Petersburg, in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Department. Bureaucratic work had little attractive, and it is in a few months ready for university for him. Granovsky joined the Faculty of Law, because he knew the ancient languages is not enough to go on the verbal, not engaged in legal subjects, but literature, history, part philosophy. During the entire university course Granovsky poverty, due mainly carefree father, who for months at a not send him to the promised content. In 1835, Granovsky graduated from the course and joined the Secretary Hydrographic Department. Already at the University of literary talent Granovsky pay attention to it (among other Pletnev). Upon graduation, he became gradually drawn into magazine work. VC. Rzhevskiy, who served under Count SG Stroganoff, became the intermediary between his boss and Granovsky, who, thanks to this acquaintance, was a business trip abroad to prepare for a professorship in world history. Most of the two-year mission (since 1837) Granovsky had been in Berlin for a short time went to Dresden, Prague and Vienna. The highest value for him had lectures Ranke, Ritter, Savigny and Bremen Hegelian. More, however, than any university lectures, contributed Granovsky acquaintance with the philosophy of communication with NV Stankevich, who became a friend of his was still in Russia, and in 1837 spent with them part of the winter in Berlin. Above all special knowledge was his idea to the general philosophical connection of phenomena. Study of Hegel especially much to the constant aspiration Granovsky consider cultural history as a whole, and to schedule in its progressive development. In the fall of 1839 Granovsky arrived in Moscow and began to lecture philologists and lawyers. He soon gained the sympathy of the students thanks to the poetic power of warmth and heart of presentation. We can say that none of Russian professor has not produced an audience of such a compelling and deep impression. In addition to university courses, Granovsky glorified public lectures, which collected all that was best in the then Moscow society. He read them three times: in 1843 - 44 years of a course on the history of the Middle Ages: in 1845 - 46 years - a comparative history of England and France; in 1851 - the famous four characteristics (Tamerlane, Alexander the Great, Louis the IX, Bacon). Last logged in "Collected Works"; In addition, Prof. Babst published in the magazine "Time" in 1862 for a few lectures from university courses, but the text can not be an exact reproduction of Granovsky words. Preserved even handwritten notes of a medieval course and a few records of listeners, which differ usual in such cases, problems and misunderstandings. I wrote Granovsky reluctantly and only because was not able to leave to posterity as much as gave contemporaries. In 1845 he published his master`s thesis (Wolin, Iomsburg and Vineta), in which the author criticizes the tradition of the brilliant capital of the Vendian Pomerania - Vineta. In 1849 doctoral dissertation on Abbot Suger illuminated in terms of set A. Thierry and Guizot, the story of the state of education in France. In 1852, Granovsky acts speech was: "On the current state and importance of universal history", summarizing his views on the historical science in the period of full mental maturity. Influence of Hegel is already significantly weakened; the author notes its unilateral and arbitrary constructs, indicating a powerful influence from the natural sciences, and tries to determine the extent to which history has the right to an independent method. In 1855 in the "Archives" Kalacheva published an article "On the gentile life among the ancient Germans," which shows the influence and degeneration of the German clan and indirectly contributed to the formulation of the theory of the tribal system, exhibited by Soloviev and Kavelin against Belyaev. In addition to these major works, a number of articles caused by the news abroad, and Russian literature, followed by Granovsky always closely (early biography of Niebuhr, records of lectures Niebuhr on the ancient history; about Gracchus Nietzsche, on the "fate of Italy," Kudryavtseva, about "Latin Empire "Medovikova and so on. n.). The disproportion between what is published Granovsky, and what he could do, is particularly sensitive, if we pay attention to the various work plans, which he was, and for that prepare for his life. Apart from the purely scientific work, he undertook work on the textbook of universal history, but only managed to make the first chapters, which give excellent performance of nations and epochs, and outlining general historical relationship development. Much of what Granovsky did not have time to do due time, the conditions and characteristics of the situation Granovsky. He was surrounded by many and sincere friends and was one of the main figures in the spiritual movement, which marked the "forties." This life is in a constant exchange of ideas and opinions with the best representatives of Russian society absorbed time and energy; engaging in productive teamwork Moscow circles, Granovsky lost the opportunity to retire and focus for their personal work. On his return from abroad he took an outstanding position among young professorov- "Westerners" of the Moscow University. No more than it did not express an independent authority of science and culture, as opposed to "official" spirit of conceit and half-educated society. In addition, he spoke out against certain trends in the advanced medium: against the worship of the reality, which for some time fallen Belinsky and Hegelian right; I had to argue against the idealization of the ancient folk culture, which was conducted Slavophiles. As a fan of Peter the Great, Granovsky did not consider his work finished and quite sympathetic to liberal ideas that swept Western Europe in the thirties and forties. In the historical stock of his thoughts he nerasschityval a quick victory and warned against reckless impulses: little by little, we denote it by differences in this respect, one of the people close to him - with Herzen. Back in the mid-forties Herzen joined materialism, Granovsky also defended the right of existence of "romantic" ideals, without which personal and national life seemed to him incomplete. Activities Abroad of Herzen, Granovsky did not sympathize with, although extreme conditions burdened the then Russian life. Granovsky escaped personal troubles at work; but his spiritual condition during the reaction that followed 1848 was serious. He could not find more satisfaction in a professorship, and had neither inclination nor the opportunity to go to the purely scientific work; it has long haunted the tides of melancholy and apathy; in the era of the Crimean War, the mood was becoming intolerable, and Granovsky are increasingly looking for entertainment and gambling are almost always unsuccessful card game. The body Granovsky never differed fortress and could not long endure difficult life of struggle. October 4, 1855 Granovsky died, 42 years old, after a short illness. - Collected Works Granovsky has several publications. The main source for his biography is the work of A. Stankevich, to the second edition of which is attached with the correspondence Granovsky (1897). Avg. Annenkov, "Marvelous Decade" (in "Memoirs and essays", ie III.); Kudryavtsev, "Childhood and adolescence Granovsky" ( "Russian Be ticipant" for 1858); Grigoriev, "TN Granovsky up his professorship in Moscow" ( "Russian Conversation", 1856). Especially a lot of Granovsky doing in the last two decades. By this time, include books about him and Vetrinsky Levshina and a number of articles: PG Vinogradov ( "Russian Thought", 1892), NI Kareeva (separate booklet in 1896 and in II t. "Collected Works"), RY Wigner ( "God`s World" 1905, and in the book "Two intellectuals"), VA Myakotina ( "From the history of Russian society"), PN Milyukov ( "From the history of the Russian intelligentsia") and others.