Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet
Date of Birth: 10/12/1787
Place of birth: Philadelphia
Citizenship: United States
Co-founder of the orphanage for deaf
Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet was born on December 10 th 1787 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania). He was the eldest of 12 children in the family. Gallaudet enrolled at Yale University (Yale University), received a bachelor`s degree in 1805. Thomas planned to realize itself in many areas, for example, to study law, engage in commerce, and search the Scriptures. In 1814 he became a preacher, after graduating from a two-year courses of the Theological Seminary in Andover (Andover Theological Seminary).
However, his desire to become a professional priest Gallaudet pushed aside, when I met Alice Cogswell (Alice Cogswell), 9-year-old deaf daughter of his neighbor, Dr. Mason Cogswell. He began to teach her the words by writing them in the dirt with a stick. Then Cogswell asked Gallaudet to travel to Europe to learn methods of teaching deaf students, especially in the family Braidwood (Braidwood) in Edinburgh, Scotland (Edinburgh, Scotland). Thomas found the family that with a little hunting, but still shared with them knowledge about their oral methods of communicating with the deaf. However, Gallaudet was dissatisfied with their level.
While in the UK, with Gallaudet met Abbe Sicard (Sicard), head of the famous school for the deaf INJS (Institution Nationale des Sourds-Muets a Paris), and two deaf teachers, Laurent Clair and Jean Massieu (Jean Massieu). Sicard suggested Gallaudet to Paris (Paris), to learn about the manual method of communication with the deaf, sign method. Subsequently, remaining under the influence of Thomas gave this technique Sicard, having trained her Massieu and Clerc.
Laurent Thomas persuaded to accompany him, and then they came to America. Together they traveled all over New England and uspehomsobrali funds from public and private sources, to establish a school for deaf students in Hartford (Hartford), which later became known as the American School for the Deaf. Young Alice Cogswell was the first of the seven students in the United States, students in this school. Moreover, even some of those who hear the students expressed a desire to study at Gallaudet School.
In 1821, Thomas married one of his former students, Fowler Sophia (Sophia Fowler). He died at his home in Hartford, 10 September 1851, at the age of 63 years, and was buried in the cemetery Cedar Hill (Cedar Hill Cemetery). In all, he received an honorary doctorate in law from the Western Reserve College in Ohio (Ohio) for a few days before his death.
His son, Edward Miner Gallaudet (Edward Miner Gallaudet) founded in 1864 the first college for the deaf, which in 1986 became Gallaudet University (Gallaudet University). University also provides training program in elementary, middle and high school. Elementary School campus is called the Demonstration Primary School Kendall (KDES), and the average and the highest - Obraztsova high school for the Deaf (MSSD).
Another son, Thomas Gallaudet, became an Episcopal priest, but also worked with deaf people.
Monument to Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet and Alice Cogswell, created by sculptor Daniel Chester jacket (Daniel Chester French), is decorated with Gallaudet University. One of the buildings with living quarters for students at the Central University of Connecticut (Central Connecticut State University) in New England is named in his honor. Also in memory of him United States Postal Service in 1981 he released a 20-cent postage stamp in a series of `Great amerikantsy`.