Date of Birth: 08/29/1947
Place of birth: Boston
Citizenship: United States
Life with autism
The American scientist, a professor at the University of Colorado (Colorado State University), author of several best-selling books, specialist and consultant in animal behavior.
Grandin was born on August 29, 1947 in Boston, Massachusetts (Boston, Massachusetts). Autism and brain damage she was diagnosed in 1949, when she was two years old, after which it was placed in a specialized kindergarten, where she, in her own opinion, had good teachers. One of the doctors advised her mother to drive a girl to school with a speech therapist, and even Temple mother hired a nanny who spend hours playing with the Temple and her sister-in-development games. Grandin has suffered a delay of speech development and began to speak only in four years. She believes that she was very lucky because she has always had the support of: kindergarten, primary school and afterwards. However, due to poor language skills high school remained in her memory the most unpleasant time in her life for other children it was a strange child, and they made fun of her, not sparing.
After graduating in 1966, Hampshire Country School, a boarding school for gifted children in New Hampshire (New Hampshire), Grandin received a bachelor`s degree in psychology at the College of Franklin Pierce (Franklin Pierce College) in 1970, a master`s degree in Animal Breeding at the University of Arizona (Arizona State University) in 1975 and his doctorate in the same field at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) in 1989. in addition, she was awarded a number of honorary degrees from many universities, including Carnegie University Mellon University (Carnegie Mellon University) in 2012, the Canadian McGill (McGill University) University in 1999 and the Swedish University of agricultural Sciences (Swedish University of agricultural Sciences) in 2009. at the same time she became a member of the American society of agricultural and biological engineers (American society of agricultural and Biological Engineers).
Grandin is widely known for his work in defense of the rights of people with autism, as it promotes the rights of animals. In 2004, she became the owner of the award `Proggy` organization `People for the Ethical Treatment zhivotnymi` (People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals). One of its most famous essay called `Animals Are Not Things` (the letters` Animals -. Not veschi`), in which she argues that animals in modern society are technically the property, but the law ultimately gives them ethical rights and protection. It compares the possession of cows with possession of screwdrivers, listing how you can use it both for human use, but notes that when it comes to causing pain, between cows and screwdrivers have a fundamental difference: a person can legitimately break the screwdriver, but it does not have the right to legally torture an animal. In her opinion, the use of animals for food - this is unethical, if this person can provide them with a comfortable life and a painless death.
Grandin became well-known after the book Oliver Sacks (Oliver Sacks) `Anthropologist on Marse` (An Anthropologist on Mars, 1995), in which she devoted a whole chapter. It is the first time publicly addressed the topic of autism in the mid-80s at the request of Ruth Sullivan (Ruth C. Sullivan), one of the founders of the American autistic society (Autism Society of America). According to her, on the conference audience, mostly comprised of parents of autistic children, just do not let go of Temple, asking her all new questions.
Based on personal experience, Grandin advocates early intervention in the world of the child with autism and understanding and patient teachers who will be able to gently guide the development of an autistic child in the right direction. She described her hypersensitivity to noise and other sensory stimuli, said that in the first place, thinks in images, and only secondarily - in words. Temple attributes her success as a designer of humane livestock facilities with the ability to keep in mind the smallest details.
Temple has never been married and has no children. Her hobby - it`s horse riding, science fiction and cinema. She also enjoys biochemistry.