Date of Birth: 09/10/1941
Place of birth: New York
Citizenship: United States
Stephen Jay Gould (Stephen Jay Gould) was born in 1941 in Queens, New York (Queens borough of New York City). He grew up in an atmosphere of quiet suburb in the commune, his father worked as a stenographer in the court, her mother was an artist. As a 5-year-old Stephen`s father brought in Dinosaur Hall at the American Museum of Natural History (American Museum of Natural History), where he first saw the Tyrannosaurus rex. `I had no idea that it happens, I was just porazhen` - recalled Gould later. That`s when he decided to become a paleontologist. Gould`s family was Jewish but not religious, and he also chose Stephen considered himself an agnostic. By the way, his father was a supporter of Marxism, while Steven more inclined to `levotsentristskim` views. Later, becoming a scientist, he has always opposed any form of discrimination, whether racial, or any other of its forms.
Gould studied at Antioch College (Antioch College), where in 1963 received a degree in geology. Simultaneously, he studied abroad in the UK University of Leeds (University of Leeds). Next was a doctorate at Columbia University (Columbia University), and then Gould went to teach at Harvard University (Harvard University). It was 1967, and at Harvard scholar remained until his death in 2002.
Since 1973, Professor Gould was the curator of Invertebrate Paleontology at the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard (Museum of Comparative Zoology), in the mid-1980s, he was president of the Paleontological community (Paleontological Society), and in the early 1990s was also the president of the Community on the evolution of the study (Society for the Study of Evolution).
The National Academy of Sciences (National Academy of Sciences) Gould was elected in 1989.
The most important topics for the scientist were the theory of punctuated equilibrium, as well as identifying the biological constraints that affect the direction of the evolution of living beings. Over time, Stephen Jay Gould was one of the most important evolutionary biologists, and very popular author. Thus, the scientist wrote more than 20 books and hundreds of other works; and he is now considered one of the most cited scientists of this field of science.
It is known that in the scientific community to Gould treated very contradictory, but his authority still could not be challenged.
Known Gould and his rejection of the so-called creationist doctrine, that is, attempts to explain the origin of all living things from the point of view of the divine principle.
We know that Stephen Jay was twice married, first married in 1965 to artist Deborah Lee (Deborah Lee). The marriage had two children. The second wife of the scientist began in 1995, Rhonda Roland Shearer (Rhonda Roland Shearer), a sculptor.
In 1982, Gould was delivered very disappointing diagnosis - peritoneal mesothelioma, in other words - cancer. After a difficult and a long course of treatment, which lasted two years, Gould, being first and foremost a scientist, began a serious study of their illness, but rather, their chances of survival. As a result, he came to the conclusion that, despite the severity of the disease, its chance of survival is quite large. And so it happened - after several courses of different therapies, and surgery, he was completely cured. It is noteworthy that during therapy, he smoked marijuana, and then became an active supporter of the use of marijuana as a therapeutic agent. In 1998, he was even a witness at the trial Veykforda Jim (Jim Wakeford), well-known Canadian activist, advocate the use of marijuana for medical purposes.
Unfortunately, no matter how wonderful any recovery Gould, eventually it destroyed all the cancer. Since May 20, 2002, he died at the age of 60 from lung adenocarcinoma.
Gould Publications, its clarity and brilliance of style admired by a great many scientists, even those who belonged to his ideas with skepticism. He is considered one of the greatest scientists of evolutionary biologists of the second half of the century, and his intellectual depth, inescapable curiosity and scientific contributions made his name worldwide. However, the scientist himself cared little for his image - he was too busy with actual science.