Stepan Bandera

Picture of Stepan Bandera

Date of Birth: 01/01/1909

Age: 50

Place of birth: a. Old Ugryniv

Citizenship: Ukraine

Stepan Bandera. The life and work.

/ Natalia Bandera, speaking at the court /

October 12, 1957 on the steps of the house on the street Karla, 8, in Munich, was found dead Dr. Lev Rebet, editor of the "Ukrayinsky Samostiynika", one of the leaders "of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists abroad" (OUN (3)), a longtime political opponent of Bandera and OUN (revolutionary).

A medical examination carried out within 48 hours after death, found that the death was due to cardiac arrest. October 15, 1959 on Thursday, on the landing of the first floor on the street Kraytmayr, 7, in Munich in 13.05 was found still alive, bathed in the blood of Stepan Bandera, the conductor (the head) of the OUN. In this house he lived with his family. He was immediately taken to hospital. The doctor already dead when viewed Bandera found him tied holster with a revolver, and therefore the incident immediately reported to the criminal police. Examination it was determined that "death was due to violence by cyanide poisoning."

German criminal police immediately took a false trail and throughout the investigation and could not establish anything. Lead (Guide) Overseas Parts of the OUN (AF OUN) immediately on the day of the death of their leader made a statement that it was murder - political and that it is a continuation of a series of attacks launched by Moscow in 1926, the murder of Simon Petlura in Paris, and in 1938 - Eugene Konovalets in Rotterdam.

Stepan Bandera was buried on October 20 a large cemetery Valdfridgof Munich.

In parallel with the investigation that led the West German police, AF Wire OUN created its own commission to investigate the murder of a conductor, which consisted of five members of the OUN from England, Austria, the Netherlands, Canada and West Germany.

... The last point of the "i" in the death of Lev Rebet and Stepan Bandera were delivered only at the end of 1961, the world-famous course in Karlsruhe.

The day before the start of construction of the Berlin Wall on August 12, 1961, in the American West Berlin police approached a young couple fugitives from the eastern zone: citizen of the USSR Stashinsky Bogdan and his wife, a German Inge Paul. Stashinsky said that he - KGB officer and the orders of this organization was the murderer of politicians in exile Lev Rebet and Stepan Bandera ...

A few months before his tragic death, Stepan Bandera wrote "My biographical data", which reported some of the facts of his childhood and adolescence.

Born on January 1, 1909 in the village of Old Ugryniv near Kalush during the Austro-Hungarian rule in Galicia (now - Ivano-Frankivsk region).

His father, Andrey Bandera ( "Bandera" - translated into modern language means "banner"), it was a Greek-Catholic priest in the same village and came from Stryi, where he was born in a middle class family of Michael and Rosalie (nee - Beletskaia) Bander . His mother, Myroslava, was the daughter of the priest of the Old Ugryniva - Vladimir Glodzinskogo and Catherine (before marriage - Kushlyk). Stepan was the second child after the older sister Martha. In addition to his family grew three brothers and three sisters.

Early years in his native village in the atmosphere of Ukrainian patriotism. The father had a large library. Often in the house there were active participants in the national and political life of Galicia. mother`s brothers were known in Galicia politicians. Pavlo

Glodzinsky was one of the founders of the Ukrainian organizations "Maslosoyuza" and "Silsky Gospodar", and Jaroslav Veselovsky - the deputy of the Parliament of Vienna.

In October-November 1918, Stephen, as he writes, "has gone through the exciting events of revival and construction of the Ukrainian state."

During the Ukrainian-Polish war my father, Andrei Bandera, he volunteered in the Ukrainian Galician Army and became a military chaplain. As part of the CAA, he was on the Dnipro, fought with the Bolsheviks and the Whites. In Galicia he returned to the summer of 1920. In autumn 1919 Bandera entered the Ukrainian school in Stryj, from which he graduated in 1927.

Polish teachers tried to implement in high-school environment "Polish Spirit", and those intentions cause serious resistance on the part of the pupils.

The defeat of the Ukrainian Sich Riflemen led to the self-dissolution of Parliament Musketeers (July 1920, Prague), and in September of the same year in Vienna was established Ukrainian Military Organization, headed by Eugene Konovalets. Under the leadership of SVR in Polonized Ukrainian gymnasiums designed for school groups of resistance. Although usually members of these groups became students of the seventh and eighth grades, Bandera took an active part in the fifth grade. In addition, he was a member of the 5th kuren Ukrainian scouts (scouts), and after graduating from high school moved to Kuren Senior scouts "Red Kalina".

In 1927, Bandera had intended to go to study at the Ukrainian Economic Academy in Podebrady (Czechoslovakia), but could not get a passport to travel abroad. So he stayed at home, "engaging in the economy and the cultural and educational activities in his native village (worked in the reading room" Prosvita ", directed theater and amateur circle and choir, founded the sports association" Meadow ", participated in the organization of the cooperative). At the same time conducted organizational and educational work on the underground line SVR in the neighboring villages "(" My biographical data ").

In September 1928 Bandera moved to the city and entered the agronomic department of the Higher Polytechnic School. He continued his studies until 1934 (in the autumn of 1928 to mid-1930 lived in Dublyanah where was the separation of the Lviv Polytechnic). Holidays spent in the village of his father (his mother died in the spring of 1922).

engineer agronomist diploma he never received: prevent political activity and arrest.

In 1929, the process of unification of all nationalist organizations that acted separately, into a single Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN). Explorer OUN was elected Konovalets Eugene, who also continued to lead the SVR. Guide the two organizations made it possible to gradually and painlessly turn into one of the SVR referantur OUN, although due to the fact that the SVR had great popularity among the people, it has been retained nominal independence.

A member of the OUN Bandera became from the beginning of its existence. Having already the experience of revolutionary activity, he became head of the spread of underground literature, which is published outside of Poland, in particular, the pressing bodies "Rozbudova Natsi