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Stanley Baldwin

Picture of Stanley Baldwin

Date of Birth: 08/03/1867

Age: 80

Place of birth: Bewdley Worcester County

Citizenship: United Kingdom

Background

Born August 3, 1867 in Bewdley (Worcester County), the son of a big industrialist. He studied at Harrow Baldwin (1881-1885) and Trinity College, Cambridge University (1885-1888). In 1908, after the death of his father, who was a member of parliament for the constituency where he belonged placed steel mills, Baldwin was elected in his place by the Conservative Party.

In 1916, Baldwin became parliamentary secretary B.Lou, then Financial Secretary of the Treasury and entered the cabinet of the postwar coalition government of Lloyd George as the Minister of Commerce. In October 1922, becoming the speaker of the Conservative Party, he decided to leave the coalition and lead the election campaign independently. Lloyd George resigned and conservatives persuaded Lowe`s return to politics as their leader, received in the December 1922 elections, a majority of votes. Lowe became prime minister, and Baldwin - Minister of Finance. In 1923, as the Finance Minister, he signed an agreement on the US debt payable on military loans, which caused a wave of criticism in England.

Baldwin first premiership (he took office in May 1923 in connection with the Lowe`s disease) lasted only a few months. In the general election, Baldwin was defeated, and came to power first Labour government R.Makdonalda. Third election of 1924 again led him to victory; Baldwin`s second premiership lasted from 1924 to 1929. In 1926, the first general strike was held in England. In 1927 a law was passed "On the industrial conflict and the trade unions", prohibiting a general strike and considers it as a criminal offense. The second Labour government replaced the Conservatives were forced to operate in conditions of the economic crisis of 1929. In 1931 the coalition government was formed, headed by MacDonald. Baldwin led the largest faction the government - the Conservative Party, served as Lord President of the Council, Deputy Prime Minister. Third time he became prime minister in 1935, after the resignation of Macdonald.

In foreign policy, Baldwin held expectant management, were totally unacceptable in a tense atmosphere of the late 1930s. Baldwin did not listen to the warnings of Winston Churchill and other politicians, who pointed to the danger posed by Hitler`s Germany. In 1937, Baldwin moved from the policy before completing the deal by the abdication of King Edward VIII.

When World War II began, Baldwin was accused in the fact that he made a weakening of the country`s defense. Died Baldwin in Astley Hall (Stourport-on-Severn) December 14, 1947.