Stanislav Glinka-yanchevskiy

Picture of Stanislav Glinka-yanchevskiy

Citizenship: Russia


He studied in the Tsar`s body, then in Novgorod c. A. A.Arakcheeva Cadet Corps. In 1858, due to the outstanding abilities at the age of 14 years admitted to the Nikolaev engineering school. In 1862, promoted to lieutenant and enlisted in the Engineering Academy. In 1863, during the Polish rebellion was arrested on a charge of revolutionary propaganda, 2 years and 8 months. I held in custody. It wrote his first article on the significance of rifles for the location of the fortress, for which at the suggestion of the chief of the engineering department of General EI Totleben Yanchevskii Glinka-Prize was awarded.

On his release in 1866 he all right, and he was enrolled in shaping while demining a company in Tashkent were returned. It built a brick factory and made a fortune on the successful implementation of government contracts. In 1876 he came to St. Petersburg, where he married and worked for 4 years managing the winery, and then director of the board of the brewery "Vienna". Due to the illness of his wife (consumption) was forced to leave St. Petersburg to the south, to Tashkent, where he first organized a credit partnership, and then took up gardening. In 1883 he went to St. Petersburg for the publication of the booklet "Summary of socio-economic transformation." Brochure she published, but stayed in the capital in connection with the controversy arose about the construction of fortresses. In 1886 he published an essay, "The main provisions of the long-term fortification. Fortress-camps ", which has caused great interest. There was a flurry of debate, public debate that lasted more than a month have been arranged at the Academy of the General Staff. The effect was such that Glinka-Yanchevskii was even led presented. Vol. Vladimir Alexandrovich, on behalf of which outlined his views on defense fortress guard officers and the St. Petersburg district, commanded the lead. Vol. Back in Tashkent, he found his wife to death, and their works completely frustrated. After burying his wife, he stayed in Tashkent, while continuing to engage in gardening until 1896, when a sharp decline in government loans to farmers forced him to close his business. In addition to his gardening, he organized in Tashkent railway commercial agency for delivery and insurance in the cotton path, creating his authority in railroad circles.

As to the. 90 back to St. Petersburg, in 1899 he published a pamphlet "pernicious error. Regarding works K.F.Harlutari "right judgment and pardon, as the prerogative of the Russian statehood", "and in 1900 the brochure" In the name of ideas "in which he denounced the wrong formulation of the case. After the publication of brochures was invited to an employee in the newspaper "Russian", where soon joined in the "New time". In 1903, he traveled in the Far East, where he was invited to board the Chinese Eastern Railway (CER) for the organization at the port of Far commercial agency. He came to the conclusion that the CEL does not serve Russia and foreign states that Port Arthur is worthless as a fortress and survive the siege. Returning to St. Petersburg, he began in the pages of "New time" campaign for the abandonment of the South Manchuria Russia. Result no, the campaign did not have, but Glinka-Yanchevskii was forced to resign from the number of employees of the CER. In addition, he has amassed a serious enemy of the chief inspirer of expansion in China Witte.

Since 1902 full member of the Russian Assembly (PC). Since the beginning of the Russian-Japanese War, when there was a strong patriotic enthusiasm, he gave a note to the Minister of the Interior, VK Plehve, which advise using the general mood, to convene the Zemsky Sobor. The need for this measure, it is argued that after the inevitable defeat of Russia in the war would raise his head a revolution which will not fail to take advantage of depressed people. Plehve rejected the idea, fearing that the Zemsky Sobor will inevitably become a hotbed of liberalism. Since the beginning of the revolution left the moderate "New time" to edit more fighting right-wing newspaper, first "word", then "Russian land" in Moscow. On June 3, 1909 became editor of "Zemshchina", which has become the leading authority of right-monarchist movement. As noted in the anniversary brochure, "its main focus [was] paid to the fight against the dominance of the Jews, and to expose the masonry, set out to the destruction of altars and thrones." At the same time he spoke supporter of economic reforms and political opponent, "seeing them as a way to limit the autocracy and the domination of Israel." The post editor has sent greetings to the Moscow Congress (Congress of Russian People in Moscow on September 27 -. October 4, 1909.).

In Feb. 1910 he received information on the transfer of Finland from a lawyer Zachariah Castren 250 thousand. Rub. "It" in the address of the Cadet newspaper. On this occasion, I put in "Zemshchina" two articles, in which he accused the Cadet Party leaders that they are financed by Finnish separatists, because of which are opposed to the bills on equal rights to Finnish and Russian citizens in Finland and in favor of the separation of Finland from Russia. Scandal, cadets sued for libel. The hearing was postponed for a long time and was held on April 18. 1914. The court acquitted Glinka-Yancheuski, proving the validity of his allegations, defended his barrister A. Shmakov.

In n. October. 1911 Glinka-Yanchevskii wrote an article entitled "Down with the war! long live the killer! ", which had great resonance in the right circles. The article was devoted to topical after the assassination of Stolypin question: how to stop terror against prominent public figures of the Empire, leading to paralysis of good governance. The author drew attention to a paradox: the liberals and revolutionaries were active opponents of external wars, pacifists, but also advocates the wars internal civil strife and are easy to terror. He explained this paradox by the fact that the revolutionary movement in Russia run by Jews. In the eyes of the Russian people, "save a drop of love for the motherland, there is nothing worse, as the mutual destruction", on the other hand, "civil strife - a kike element." The Jewish revolutionaries oppose wars, for they to him "are not able to on the baseness of his soul and boundless cowardice", and strife "requires very different qualities, and that those with which the greatest extent have the Jews - meanness, betrayals, attacks on the sly, bribery of murderers. " The publicist stated: "Outside of war contributed to the rise and unite people. It awakened the best human qualities, while domestic mutual destruction sows envy, bitter grudge between different classes of the population and developing the basest instincts. Prolonged strife inevitably undermine all the foundations of the state, and it should collapse. " Glinka-Yanchevskii prophesied: "If we lose the King, we will tear apart all the neighbors, and our entire state will remain, at best, of the sixteenth century Muscovy me." However, he expressed the hope that "Russian is not yet lost." According to him, to end the turmoil and stop the terror is only possible when the "government will radically change their attitude to militant Judaism." The usual methods of terror can not cope, the killers go unpunished, and the society, seeing the helplessness of government falls into despondency. Out of this situation Glinka-Yanchevskii seen in the "establishment of a circular head and property responsibility." The essence of the idea of fighting terror, he explained as follows:.. "If for each dead dignitary certain number of intelligent Jews, by lot, ie, at the direction of God`s Fingers, will be shot, and property Kagan in a certain amount will be confiscated - terror itself stops ". On the inevitable accusations of inhumanity of such a measure, he said, that "blood will be shed much less for intelligent Jews who are bred in our revolution will tremble for their own head." And with pathos finished article, "And if we have preserved more life energy - we will come to that will force the Jews to bear responsibility for all-round political assassination. For it is the only means for the salvation of the state, to the salvation of the very existence of Russia. "

In 1912 Glinka-Yanchevskii Ustroitelnogo was elected to the Board of All-Russian Congress. In 1914 the monarchists Petersburg is widely celebrated the 50th anniversary of his literary and social activities. Feb 18. 1914 Head of the NRC Council, of which Glinka-Yanchevskii consisted since 1910, adopted a special decision on the participation in the celebration of the oldest journalist-patriot. Feb 23. PC in a gala dinner at which were many prominent figures right. The most expressive was the speech of VM Purishkevich, who in his poetic toast wished the 70-year-old hero of the day: "Live, wake cardiac reserve Russian forces // Lord in your soul the fire is not extinguished, // Serve Russian Orthodox!". A Russian People`s Union to them. Michael the Archangel, in the activities which Glinka-Yanchevskii took an active part, issued in connection with the event brochure, dedicated to the 50th anniversary of his literary and social activities.

Glinka-Yanchevskii owns popular among right-wing idea expressed at the beginning of the First World War in the pages of "Zemshchina" that "not Germany started a war, and Jews who have chosen Germany instrument of their plans", for it is they needed to incite one to the other two powers where the monarchical principle is strongest, to weaken them both in the fierce mutual struggle. He was an opponent of rapprochement with Britain, fearing not just the economic impact, but also the pressure in favor of equal rights to Jews. On the pages of "Zemshchina" he commented, and on the Polish question. Glinka-Yanchevskii was not the re-establishment of the Polish Kingdom, but without war. In his opinion, Poland to Russia "only a burden. She sucks the hundreds of millions of Russian money each year, and their rebellions caused enormous costs. Polish intelligentsia, made its way into all institutions and corrupting influence on the Russian intelligentsia. " In order to prevent the "big disaster" in the summer of 1915, he urged not to rely on the "social forces", but to act in the country with "an iron dictatorship." His daughter-PS Glinka Yanchevskaya during the war was a nurse, she was awarded a gold medal for his service in a mobile hospital at the forefront of the 8th Army.

After the February revolution, the newspaper "zemshchina" was closed. In the apartment of Glinka-Yancheuski was searched, and he was 20 March 1917 he was arrested by the Provisional Government. He was 73 years old. Arrested she was also his son, a member of "Zemshchina" M.S.Glinka-Yanchevskii, it is true, was released in late March. In n. August. He was released from prison, and his father, together with NN Zhedenovym and LT Zlotnikov. But not for long. By the end of August. he was expelled from Petrograd as "malicious counter-revolutionary", together with A. A.Vyrubovoy Dr. Badmaeva, Manasevich-Manuilov and others. On the territory of Finland, the group was arrested by revolutionary sailors. Until the end of September. They were imprisoned in Sveaborg. Glinka-Yancheuski had no money, so the guards treated him with contempt. According Vyrubova, he "slept on bare boards, covered with an old coat," and "insisted that he had never eaten so well as in a fortress."

After the seizure of power by the Bolsheviks, he was arrested again and is not released from prison. In 1919 he met in Butyrka VF Klement`ev. In his memoirs, he told a story about visiting a prison chamber Kamenev, where sat the royal minister A. A.Makarov (later shot), "half blind and half-normal" Glinka-Yanchevskii and others. The Bolshevik bosses, of course, would like to look at Makarova, feel like the master of the fate of the former Minister of Interior and Justice. Makarov did not want to ask anything of Kamenev, but then he was approached to play the fool obviously Glinka-Yanchevskii and had asked him to make his newspaper "zemshchina" again. Kamenev contorted, and he jumped out of the chamber. The circumstances and the exact date of the death of Glinka-Yancheuski not known, he either died in prison or were shot.