Date of Birth: 09/12/1946
Place of birth: Luciana
The name given at birth - Sonia Anthony Main. Parents - Antonio and Paola Maina. Her father during the Second World War was in Soviet captivity, however, had great respect for the Russian history and culture, and three daughters called the Russian names. Sonia grew up in the Italian town of Orbassano (20 km from Turin), grew up in a Catholic family and attended a Catholic school. Her father died in 1983, the mother and two sisters still live around Orbassano. In 1965, during the course of English at Cambridge, she met her future husband - Rajiv Gandhi, who was studying at Cambridge University. Modest wedding ceremony took place in 1968 in New Delhi, after which Sonja moved to live in the house of his mother-in-Indira Gandhi (Prime Minister of India in 1966-1977 and 1980-1984.).
In 1970, at the Coni son Rahul was born, and in 1971 - the daughter Priyanka. Indira Gandhi`s successor saw his youngest son - Sanjay Gandhi. Rajiv Gandhi stayed out of politics, working as a pilot in the "Indian Airlines" .However in 1980, after the death of Sanjay in a plane crash Rajiv Gandhi has been actively involved in politics. In 1984, after his mother`s assassination of Rajiv Gandhi led government.
The role of policy in India
During the premiership of her husband in 1984-1989 gg., As the "first lady", Sonia Gandhi had to carry out public activities. After the murder of the Tamil terrorist husband May 21, 1991, some members of Congress Party (the name of the Indian National Congress after the split) asked her to start political activities, mainly due to the fact that she belonged to the Gandhi family. However, Sonia Gandhi refused and politicians over the next six years. After her refusal to become party leader Narasimha Rao. In 1998, she still decided to start a political career. Political opponents are constantly accused her that she was not born in India, 15 years after her marriage renounced Indian citizenship (Sonia Gandhi received the citizenship of India in 1983), and poor knowledge hindV 1999 she was chosen Leader of the Opposition of the 13th Lok Sabha, and 2004 elections launched an aggressive campaign to overthrow the National Democratic Alliance, the main role which played the Bharatiya Janata Party, headed by Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. After the sensational victory of the Indian National Congress in the elections, it has become a prime candidate for the role of prime minister, but because of the political rivals deployed a large-scale campaign against foreigners coming to power, gave up this post in order to "preserve the unity of the nation." As a result, he became Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, who had been nominated Sonia Gandhi.