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Sirimavo Bandaranaike

Picture of Sirimavo Bandaranaike

Date of Birth: 04/17/1916

Age: 84

Place of birth: Balangoda

Nationality: Sri Lanka

Background

State and political leader of Sri Lanka (Ceylon). Came from an old and wealthy landowning family, Sirimavo Ratvatte was educated in a Catholic monastery of St. Brigitta in Colombo. In 1940 she married Solomon Bandaranaike, and they had two daughters and a son. Until 1959 politically active Bandaranaike was not engaged, but after the death of her husband agreed to stand for election. These elections did not take place because the parliament was dissolved. At the next election in March 1960 the Freedom Party of Sri Lanka, the chairman of which was the Bandaranaike, won.

At the post of Prime Minister Bandaranaike took the nationalization of foreign oil companies, as well as a system of religious schools. When her party lost control of parliament in 1965, Bandaranaike became leader of the opposition. In the elections of 1970 headed by her coalition won, and she again took the post of prime minister. The new government forced to leave the country the US Peace Corps, said on the recognition of North Vietnam and North Korea, nationalized all foreign banks, as well as established a state monopoly of foreign trade. The slow pace of nationalization and rising unemployment have led, however, to a coup attempt by leftist extremists (1971), which was suppressed. May 22, 1972 a new constitution, in which the Ceylon became an independent state within the Commonwealth was adopted - Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka. Sirimavo Bandaranaike was sworn in as the first prime minister of the new state.

In the elections of 1977 led by Bandaranaike party coalition was defeated and the Conservatives came to power. Bandaranaike had gone to the post of prime minister, but retained a seat in parliament. In 1980, after a court verhnovny country Bandaranaike found guilty of abuse, she was deprived of deputy mandate and the right to engage in political activity.

In August 1994, the daughter of the Bandaranaike - Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunga became prime minister after the People`s Alliance - a coalition of left opppozitsionnaya, which she headed, won the parliamentary elections. In November of the same year he was elected president Chandrika and named his successor as prime minister of his own mother, who will remain in office until the next election in 2002.