Date of Birth: 03/17/1862
Place of birth: Saint-Vith
The author of the theory of the `free ekonomike`
Silvio Gesell (Silvio Gesell) was born in 1862 in Oranienburg, Germany (Oranienburg, Germany), in a family of Prussia father and Belgian mother. It is known that he was the seventh of nine children in the family.
After high school, Silvio could not go to university, and was forced to start working in the postal service. This work, however, was not to his liking, and soon Gesell went to Berlin (Berlin), so that, like his brother, to become a merchant.
Continuing the search for the case of his life, Silvio traveled to Malaga, Spain (M & # 225; laga, Spain), where he worked as a reporter, after which he returned to Berlin and passed military service.
In 1887, Silvio went to Buenos Aires (Buenos Aires), by the time he was already a successful merchant and did business with his brother.
The economic crisis in Argentina (Argentina) made Gesell interested in the problems of money circulation, and in 1891, Silvio published his first work on this topic - `The reform of coinage as a path to social gosudarstvu` (` Die Reformation des M & # 252; nzwesens als Br & # 252; cke zum sozialen Staat`). Sdeduet work out `Nervus rerum`, which also dealt with this problem, and soon his economic works began to leave one by one.
In 1906 Gesell moved to Switzerland (Switzerland), and that there was a first part of his classic work `The right to full den`, and the second part - the doctrine of `New protsente` published in 1911 in Berlin. Gesell`s books were extremely popular, and reprinted several times even during his lifetime. Its main and major work - `The Natural Economic poryadok` ( `The Natural Economic Order`) - was released in 1916 and offers an alternative monetary system. This work has become a `business kartochkoy` Silvio Gesell, constantly criticized the existing monetary policy.
Gesell believed that there must be some system in which money is paid public service, and the owners of the money are required to transmit regularly to the State some small summuv as a fee for the right to use public money issue. The experiments were made in connection with its proposals in the end did not give lasting benefits, and they were rejected. So, the theory of `free deneg` Gesell, interested very much, in the end did not find the application.
It is known that Gesell quite prophetically predicted the start of the Second World War, and did it in 1918, just after the First World War, when everyone else did not think about anything except about the world.
`Despite the fact that the people give a sacred oath to stigmatize war at all times, despite the call of millions: `No to war`, in spite of all the hopes for a better future, I have to say: if the current monetary system will save percentage economy, I venture to assert already today, that within 25 years, and we will stand in the face of a new, even more destructive voyny` - Silvio Gesell wrote in a letter to his publisher.
Gesell considered himself a man of peace, and was a tireless pacifist - he believed that the land should belong to the people and regardless of race, gender, class, wealth, religion and age, and that the borders should be a conditional concept.
The address Gesell, who in 1919 visited even in the Ministry of Finance of the short-lived Bavarian Soviet Republic (Bavarian Soviet Republic), was made a lot of criticism, but with the ministerial post, which lasted only 7 days, it was dismissed and sentenced by a military tribunal.
Silvio, however, never gave up his ideas, which many saw as a minimum, debatable.
It is known that Gesell constantly moving between Switzerland, Argentina and Germany, and in 1927 he finally returned to Oranienburg.
Silvio Gesell died March 11, 1930.
Generally, Silvio Gesell with his first publication in 1891 became one of the first that provided a critical assessment of the monetary system. This initiative has created the basis for a broader research into the causes of social problems, as well as reformist reforms.