Member of the Federation Council, the representative of the Leningrad region administration.
In 1979 he graduated from the University of Economics and Finance (St. Petersburg).
As a researcher was a member of the core group of young economists, later known as the Moscow-St Petersburg group (Yegor Gaidar, Anatoly Chubais, P. Eben, A. Illarionov and other).
Accepting the invitation Gaidar`s work in the first government of the Russian Federation, in 1991, he headed the Center for Economic Reform.
In 1994-1997. Vasiliev served as Deputy Minister of Economy.
In 1997-1998. - Deputy Head of the Government Office.
President of the International Centre for Social and Economic Research (St. Petersburg).
Professor at the Higher School of Economics in Moscow and the University of Economics of Finance in St. Petersburg.
Member of the Board of Trustees of the New Economic School.
Since January 2001 he is co-director of the program "Economic and Social Policy in Transition" at the Carnegie Moscow Center.