Date of Birth: 12/30/1906
Place of birth: Zhytomyr
Korolev Sergei Pavlovich [30/12/1906 (12/01/1907), Zhitomir - 01.14.1966, Moscow], Soviet scientist, designer of space-rocket systems, academician of the USSR (1958, Corresponding Member of 1953), twice Hero of Socialist Labor (1956 , 1961). Member of the CPSU since 1953. In 1924 he graduated from the Odessa professional construction school. From 1927 he worked in the aviation industry. In 1930 he graduated from the Moscow Higher Technical School, and at the same time the Moscow Pilot School. Since June 1930 Senior Engineer TsAGI.
Developed a number of designs successfully flew gliders. After becoming acquainted with KE Tsiolkovsky and his works of K. became interested in the ideas of creation of aircraft missile type. In 1931, together with the FA Zander was involved in the organization of the Panel Study of Jet Propulsion (GIRD, Moscow), which led, in May 1932. In Gird was built in August 1933 and launched the first Soviet liquid rocket "GIRD-09." After the merger in late 1933 GIRD and Gas Dynamics Laboratory (GDL) and the formation of Keldysh Research Center (RNII) K. was appointed Deputy Director for Science, and since the beginning of 1934 - the head of the department of rocket aircraft. In 1934 his work "Rocket flight in the stratosphere" was published. He developed a number of projects, including projects controlled cruise missile 212 (summer in 1939) and raketoplan