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Sergey Hessen

Picture of Sergey Hessen

Date of Birth: 08/16/1887

Age: 62

Place of birth: Ust-Sysolsk

Citizenship: Russia

Background

Born in Ust-Sysolsk August 16, 1887. He graduated from the law faculty of St. Petersburg University. Philosophical education in Germany at the Universities of Heidelberg and Freiburg, where he studied under the guidance of G.Rikkerta, V.Vindelbanda, B.Laska. In 1910 he defended his doctoral thesis in Germany on individual causes. Hesse maintained a relationship with the young Russian and German philosophy. F.Stepunom, B.Yakovenko, R.Kronerom, G.Melisom etc. In this range there is the idea of ??establishing an international journal devoted to the problems of philosophy of culture. That magazine was the "Logos" (1910-1914), the publication of which took an active part of Hesse. In Hesse 1913-1917 - assistant professor of St. Petersburg University. In 1917-1920 - Professor of Tomsk University. In 1922, Hesse left Russia. Since 1924 - Professor of Russian Pedagogical Institute in Prague. In 1934 he moved to Poland, where he taught at the Universities of Warsaw and Lodz. Hesse died in Lodz on July 19 February 50.

Deep mastered the principles of Kantian transcendentalism, Hesse in his philosophical anthropology and pedagogical approach (pedagogy - "applied philosophy") sought to link the principles of `critical` epistemology with some ontological system. "Personality is acquired only through the work of the supra objectives ...", claimed Hesse in the Fundamentals of pedagogy. "The power of identity is rooted not in itself, not in the natural power of its psycho-physical organism, but in those spiritual values ??that penetrate the body and soul and who shine in them as its task the creative aspirations." VV Zenkovsky noted the proximity of Hesse position on the issue to the principles of unity of metaphysics Vl.S.Soloveva. However, on the ontological level of their rights in Hessen system maintains transcendentalism. This definitely proves his assertion that "the world is not confined to the physical and psychological reality; but the physical and mental, there is still a third kingdom - the realm of values ??and meaning. " "The kingdom of values ??and meaning" certainly has a transcendental status, it fits into the context of the Kantian "criticism" and is fundamentally different from the fundamental principles of unity of ontology. In Hesse originally empirical subject, an introduction to these higher values, "creates" himself as a person. In a number of works of Hesse addressed issues of moral philosophy (in particular, its article on Fyodor Dostoyevsky and Vl.S.Soloveve), the theory of law, the laws of social development. He defended the reality and the possibility of "legal socialism `, perceiving and developing liberal and democratic values.