Sergey Afanasiev

Picture of Sergey Afanasiev

Date of Birth: 08/30/1918

Age: 82

Place of birth: Wedge

Citizenship: Russia


Until the last days of his life he was chief scientific adviser RSC "Energia". Korolev.

Sergey Afanasiev was born in the town of Klin, Moscow Region, he graduated with honors from the Moscow Higher Technical School. Baumann, worked as a foreman and a designer at an artillery factory in the suburban city of Kaliningrad.

During the Second World War, after the evacuation was in Perm on Motovilikhinsky artillery factory, where he worked for the entire war, consistently passing step wizard, technologist, designer, shop superintendent, deputy chief engineer of the plant.

In 1946, by order of the Minister of weapons he was transferred to the Main Technical Division, and in 1955 headed it.

In 1957 he was appointed deputy chairman of the Leningrad Economic Council for the defense industry. Since 1958 he headed the Leningrad, and from 1961 to 1965 - All-Russian Economic Council, as Deputy Chairman of the RSFSR Council of Ministers.

In 1965, when it was formed by the Ministry of General Machine Building, Afanasiev was appointed the world`s first "space" minister. He had to organize the work "from scratch", uniting under a single start of many research institutes and design bureaus (KB), working on the creation of rocket and space technology.

Under key national objective Sergei Alexandrovich Afanasyeva leadership has been resolved - parity missile and nuclear forces in the world has been made. Back in 1965, the ratio of this area to look like a ten to one in favor of US. Ministry of General Machine Building was able to quickly implement the latest development bureaus and set up production to create the best examples of inter-continental ballistic missiles (ICBMs), and ballistic missiles for submarines (SLBM). On duty in the mine launchers and other devices rose about 1,400 ICBMs and SLBMs 1000.

At the same time all of this drive levers immense farms were MOMe. Afanasyev once admitted that the thought of a possible failure or technical malfunctions that could lead to an explosion in a mine or a rocket launch unexpectedly, troubled him throughout his career.

IOM Afanasyeva also ensured the creation of orbital stations, including the station Mir. Under his leadership, KB were such outstanding designers as Barmin, Glushko, Semenov. He also worked with Sergei Korolev.

In the late 1960`s - early 1970`s developed a close contest on selecting the type of combat missiles and silos, which were to ensure superiority over the United States. The protagonists in this story are well-known designers VN Chelomey and MK Yangel and dragged it appeared and the Ministry of Defense, and the departments of the Central Committee of the CPSU. Afanasiev eventually supported Chelomeya. And in this, and in some other cases, the position of the minister did not coincide with the position of Defense Minister Ustinov`s. Such inter-agency friction often hindered the work.

The importance of the space industry allowed Sergey Afanasiev in dealing with complex issues not directly go only to the Politburo members, but also on the country`s leaders, including Brezhnev, Andropov, Chernenko and Gorbachev.

As a deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the Sverdlovsk region, Afanasiev was acquainted with the first secretary of the regional committee Yeltsin onichasto together visited enterprises in the industry in the area.

Afanasiev was one of the few who dared to disobey Beria. At a meeting in the Kremlin in 1950, Beria set the task to start production of military missiles at one of the factories in the south in a record short time - a few months. Sergey Afanasiev, while a young engineer, said it was an unrealistic task and demanded more time. only one of those present stood up for stubborn engineer After the meeting, and explained that if Afanasiev will be removed, the start of production will be delayed for more than a year, as the real substitute him no.

From 1983 to 1987. SA Afanasiev was led by the Ministry of heavy and transport engineering, and from 1988 worked as a consultant at the Ministry of Defence.

Until the last days of his life he was chief scientific adviser RSC "Energia". Korolev.

Sergey - twice Hero of Socialist Labor, laureate of Lenin and two State Prizes, holder of seven Orders of Lenin.

He was buried in the Novodevichy Cemetery in Moscow.