Selman Waksman

Picture of Selman Waksman

Date of Birth: 07/22/1888

Age: 85

Place of birth: Pryluky

Citizenship: United States

Who discovered the first antibiotic?

Major works are devoted to Waxman studying microbiology and antibiotics. Scientists have studied the processes of decay of plant and animal tissue, the nature and origin of humus, soil and marine microorganisms. In 1932, the American Association for the fight against tuberculosis Waxman requested to conduct exhaustive searches of producers of antimicrobial substances. Investigating the cause of death of the tubercle bacillus in the soil, it is concluded that the disappearance of the bacilli associated with microbial antagonism: one bacterium produces substances that kill other bacteria. the common name of "antibiotics" they were asked for such substances. In 1943, Waxman received a powerful antibiotic streptomycin, which is synthesized by fungi from the group of actinomycetes. It perfectly complements penicillin, killing those bacteria that had remained invulnerable. In particular, tests conducted at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, showed its effectiveness in the treatment of previously incurable forms of tuberculosis. In addition to streptomycin, neomycin allocated Waxman, and other kanditsin antibiotikiSredi his numerous works - Enzymes (Enzymes, 1926, together with U.Devisonom), and soil microbe (The Soil and the Microbe, 1931, together with R.Starki) Antagonism of germs and antibiotic substance (microbial Antagonisms and Antibiotic substances, 1945; 2nd ed 1947). My life and microbes (My life with the microbes, 1954).

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