Date of Birth: 01/01/1894
Place of Birth: Kolkata
In whose honor was named the Higgs?
Bose specialized in mathematical physics. The most famous was for his work on quantum mechanics in the early 1920s, the work that laid the foundation for Bose-Einstein statistics and the theory of Bose-Einstein condensate. In 1954, Bose has received awards `Padma Vibhushan`, the second of the higher civil state awards in India. Theoretical physicist Paul Dirac (Paul Dirac) proposed to call an elementary boson chastnitsu after Bose.
Satyendra Nath Bose born January 1, 1894 in Kolkata, India (Calcutta, India), and was the eldest and only son of seven children. His father, Surendranath Bose (Surendranath Bose), worked in the engineering department of the East Indian Railway (EIRC). Shatendranat started getting education from five years. After finishing schooling, Bose was first preparatory science course in the Presidential College (Presidency College) in Calcutta, where he studied with renowned teachers, and then went to the same two years.
With a master`s degree Bose was adopted in 1916 in Calcutta University (University of Calcutta) on the rights researcher. Here he began to learn the theory of relativity.
From 1916 to 1921-th Bose taught at the Faculty of Physics at the University of Calcutta. After he became an assistant professor of physics at Dhaka University (University of Dhaka). With his participation appeared completely new departments, providing advanced courses for graduate and undergraduate. Bose himself gave courses of thermodynamics and the theory of electromagnetism, James Clerk Maxwell (James Clerk Maxwell).
Bose wrote a scientific article in which derived a formula of Planck (Planck) for the distribution of energy, without referring to classical physics, but by using a new method of counting states of identical particles. The work has played an important role in the field of quantum statistics. Bose sent his research to Albert Einstein (Albert Einstein), and the last he translated it into German and then placed in the prestigious journal `Zeitschrift f & # 252; r Physik` on behalf of Bose.
After the success of the publication of Bose spent two years working in European laboratories and X-ray crystallography, having the opportunity to cooperate not only with Einstein, but with Marie Curie (Marie Curie) and Louis de Broglie (Louis de Broglie). In 1926, Bose returned to Dhaka University, where he became the head of the Department of Physics and remained dean of the Faculty of Natural Sciences until 1945.
When the split was inevitable India, Bose moved to Calcutta University, where he taught until 1956. In later years he was engaged in applied research, such as the extraction of helium in hot springs Bakreshvara (Bakreshwar).
In addition to physics, Bose did some research in the field of biotechnology and literature. Being a Bengali, he spent a lot of time trying to help settle down in the Bengali language teaching practice, and translating it scientific articles.
Bose became a consultant to the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), president of the National Institute of Science (NIS) and the Indian Society of Physicists (IPS). He was elected director general of the Indian Science Congress (ISC). Bose was also a vice-president and then president of the Indian Statistical Institute (ISI). In 1958, he became a member of the Royal Society.
Shatendranat married Ushabati (Ushabati) at the age of 20 years. The couple had nine children. Two of them died in infancy. After his death in 1974, Bose left his wife, two sons and five daughters.