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Samuel Gompers

Picture of Samuel Gompers

Date of Birth: 01/27/1850

Age: 74

Place of birth: London

Citizenship: United Kingdom

Background

Gompers was born on January 27, 1850 in London. His parents, Jews arrived from Holland. Up to 10 years, Samuel went to a Jewish school, but his family needed, and the boy had to leave school and go to work, first Sweden, then make cigars. At age 13 he moved with his family to the US in search of a better life.

In New York, Samuel also going to work on a tobacco factory, but making sure that the working conditions in America as heavy as in England, he joined the National Union of the cigar industry and 5 years later became its vice-chairman. In 1877, the union broke up, but Gompers continues to fight for human working conditions. In 1879, the union reorganized forces Gompers.

Gompers was actively involved in the creation of the Federation of Trade Unions of the USA and Canada (since 1886 - is the American Federation of Labor). He had been president of the Federation from 1882 until 1924. His forces was created the magazine "AFL" and Gompers was its chief editor.

Since 1900 Gompers in the National Federation of Civil achieves stabilization of labor relations by drawing up collective agreements and individual contracts with employers` trade union leadership.

During the First World War, Samuel Gompers actively supported the US military policy pursued by President Wilson. Although the Spanish-American War, he condemned US attempts to colonize. He is very hostile to socialism and the Soviet Union opposed to recognize the Soviet Union as a country.

In 1919, Gompers participated in the creation of the Pan American Federation of Labor, as well as the Amsterdam International of Trade Unions. I was present at the Paris Peace Conference as an official consultant on labor issues.

All this time Gompers actively defend American workers. His policy on immigration was clearly negative, because any immigration - this influx of cheap labor. And even as a Jew by birth, Gompers actively fought against Jewish immigration.

Gompers died in 1924 from diabetes. He became ill during a meeting of the Board of the Pan American Federation of Labor.