Place of Birth: Tehran
Sadegh Ghotbzadeh (Sadegh Ghotbzadeh) was born in 1936, died September 15, 1982-th. Former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Iran, who was executed on charges of plotting to assassinate Ayatollah Khomeini and the overthrow of the Islamic Republic.
He was a close aide of Ayatollah Khomeini (Khomeini) during his exile in France in 1978, as well as the Foreign Minister of Iran from 30 November 1979 to August 1980 - during the crisis with the Irish hostages after the Iranian revolution. In 1982, he was executed.
Sadegh Ghotbzadeh was born in 1936. As a student, he was active in the student confederation of Iran. He studied at the School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University Walsh (Walsh School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University) from 1959 to 1963 th, but before the end, was expelled iz-za skip classes and exams. Instead of studying Ghotbzadeh led a protest against the government of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (Mohammad Reza Pahlavi), the last Shah of Iran, including the Iranian ambassador stormed a party to the United Nations, a relative of the Shah.
Ghotbzadeh was a supporter of the National Front of Iran and the Movement for the freedom of Iran, as well as a close aide to Ayatollah Khomeini, when the latter was in exile in France. He accompanied Khomeini during his trip back to Iran February 1, 1979-th. After Islamic revolutionaries came to power, Ghotbzadeh was appointed Managing Director of the National Iranian Radio and Television (NIRT) and tried to reshape the state television and radio in line with Islamic teachings, clearing of the royalists, and the women left. During this Sadegh it has been criticized by a group of Iranian intellectuals, as well as the Provisional Government.
He was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs, when Abolhassan Banisadr (Abolhassan Banisadr) resigned from the post of Acting Foreign Minister after a heated debate about the fate of the American hostages. According to the news agency quote `` France Presse, Ghotbzadeh said that he had information that the presidential candidate Ronald Reagan (Ronald Reagan) `` trying to block a decision about the hostage crisis. Two friends with whom Ghotbzadeh often communicated during that period, said that he had repeatedly insisted that the Republicans have been in contact with Iranian elements, to try to prevent the release of the hostages. This statement has not been officially confirmed. Later Ghotbzadeh resigned when his diplomatic approach to resolving the crisis started in the deadlock.
In April 1982, he was arrested along with a group of officers and clergy, including a relative of the religious leader Kazem Shariatmadari (Kazem Shariatmadari). All the detainees have been charged with conspiracy and murder Khomeini overthrow the Islamic Republic. Ghotbzadeh denied the charges, but confirmed the existence of a conspiracy to change the government. It is said that after the brutal torture by the Iranian government Ghotbzadeh was forced to agree with all the accusations against him.
On `press conference `in April of 1982, Hojjat al-Islam Mohammad Reyshari (Mohammad Reyshahri), chief judge of the newly created Military Revolutionary Tribunal, told about the plot Ghotbzadeh and royalist officers, on the one hand - the feudal lords, the left mini groups and false priests, on the other - with the National front, Israel, supporters of the Pahlavi and the Socialist International. The last four, according to the judge, have been associated with the CIA.
Sadegh Ghotbzadeh was executed by firing squad on the day after the 26-day trial, after a military trial court found him guilty and sentenced him to death.