Date of Birth: 04/24/1947
Birthplace: St. Louis
Citizenship: United States
At the intersection of chemistry, genetics and biology
Roger David Kornberg (Roger David Kornberg) was born in 1947 in St. Louis, Missouri (St. Louis, Missouri), United States, in the family of the Nobel Prize for Medicine Arthur Kornberg (Arthur Kornberg) and his wife, biochemist Levy Sylvie (Sylvy Levy).
In 1967, Kornberg received a bachelor`s degree in chemistry from Harvard University (Harvard University), five years later, in 1972, became a Doctor of Science with a degree from Stanford University (Stanford University).
In addition, Kornberg conducted research in the Laboratory of Molecular Biology (Laboratory of Molecular Biology) University of Cambridge (Cambridge University).
In the Medical School at Harvard University he has worked since 1976 as an associate professor, and in 1978, already a professor, Kornberg returned to Stanford University (located, incidentally, in the Silicon Valley).
In 1997, Kornberg was awarded the Harvey Prize (Harvey Prize).
Kornberg studies are at the interface of chemistry, biology and genetics.
In 2006, Roger David Kornberg won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (Nobel Prize in Chemistry) for the study of the mechanism of `copy the cells genetic informatsii` - definition of RNA polymerase II structure of the enzyme, which is responsible for prochityvanie almost all of the genetic information in organisms with nucleus . And if very simple - Kornberg deciphered the mechanism of how this enzyme works as a molecular machine.
Kornberg - Hereditary Nobel Prize winner, his father - also the winner of this award, received it in Physiology or Medicine in 1959. By the way, 12-year-old Roger was present at the ceremony then.
So, to a certain extent, Roger continued his father`s work. The objects of his current research in some way linked with the work of his father; however, at the present time, all studies have been conducted on an entirely different, higher level.
By the way, in the same 2006 the scientist was awarded the prize `Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize` from Columbia University (Columbia University).
Kornberg - a member of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States (The National Academy of Sciences, NAS) and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (The American Academy of Arts and Sciences).
In April 2010, it became known that Kornberg will co-chairman of Skolkovo (Innograd) Scientific and Technical Council of the innovation center, working in tandem with Russian scientists, and Nobel laureate Zhores Alferov (Zhores Alferov).
Kornberg himself commented on his participation in the project: `I agreed to work with Zhores Alferov. The amount of time that will require me to this project is relatively small, and the opportunity to do something good, I hope, above. American Silicon Valley was built from the bottom up, the government opened the possibility of lower classes, the experience of my visits to Russia, I find the lower classes (meaning the scientific community) is hopelessly impoverished. Perhaps my main role will be to protect their interesy`.
It is noteworthy that with the consent of Kornberg take part in this rather ambitious domestic project came to an end some skepticism from the scientific community.