Date of Birth: 01/22/1884
Place of birth: Wesley
Citizenship: United States
He was born Roger Baldwin Wesley, MA, January 22, 1884. He received an excellent education at Harvard University and graduated with a master`s degree. After training for some time he taught sociology at the University of Washington and worked as a social worker in parallel and even became chief of the probation department for juvenile affairs. Together with Bernard Flexner, he wrote a book about it, which produced a great response at the time, and became the basis for the reputation of Baldwin.
This started social activities Roger Baldwin. All his life he was a pacifist. He was a member of the American Union Against Militarism (AUAM) and opposed America`s involvement in World War I, and even spent a year behind bars, how to refuse military service for ideological reasons. Upon release, Baldwin encourages AUAM to protect the rights of conscientious objectors. As a result, the government appears on the Selective Service law, and created AUAM Civil Liberties Bureau (CLB), led by Baldwin.
D 1917 CLB becomes a separate entity and renamed the National grazhdanskihsvobod Bureau (NCLB). And already in 1920, NCLB, led by Baldwin continues its work, as the American Civil Liberties Union ACLU. For over 30 years, Baldwin led the ACLU. During his directorship Union participated in several high-profile trials of that time, particularly in the "Obezyanem process" - Tennessee lawsuit against the school teacher John Scopes, the process of the murder of Sacco and Vanzetti - participants in the movement for the rights of workers, has made efforts to ban the novel, James "Ulysses" Joyce. On account ACLU lot of achievements. Baldwin`s many travels, writes books, visited the Soviet Union, about writing a book.
In 1950, Baldwin resigned, but he is not retired from politics. He formed another organization for the protection of rights and freedoms, known as the International League for Human Rights. After the Second World War, he worked successfully in Japan for the Japanese government celebrated his Order of the Rising Sun. He also worked in postwar Germany and Austria.
In 1981, President Carter awarded Baldwin Medal of Liberty, and six months later a defender of human rights, died of a heart attack at the age of 97 years.