Date of Birth: 07/18/1635
Place of birth: a. White
Citizenship: United Kingdom
Hooke, Hooke (Hooke) Robert (18/07/1635, on White -. 03.03.1703, London), English naturalist, a member of the Royal Society (1663). In 1653 he entered the University of Oxford, where he subsequently became assistant to Boyle. Since 1665 Professor of the University of London, in 1677-83 secretary of the Royal Society of London.
A versatile scientist and inventor, G. touched upon in his works, many areas of natural science. In 1659 he built an air pump, together with the set C. Huygens (around 1660) constant point thermometer - melting ice and boiling water. Improved barometer, reflecting telescope, the telescope has applied for the measurement of angles, constructed a device for measuring wind force machine for dividing round and other devices.
Of great importance was the discovery, in 1660 the law of proportionality between the force applied to the elastic body, and its deformation (see. Hooke`s law). H. expressed the idea that all the heavenly bodies to each tyagoteyutdrug in and gave an overall picture of planetary motion. He anticipated the law of universal gravitation of Newton; in 1679 he expressed the opinion that if the attractive force is inversely proportional to the square of the distance, the planet must move along an ellipse. G. adhered to the wave theory of light and challenged corpuscular; warmth considered the result of the mechanical motion of particles of matter.
C (G. was introduced the term "cell") using an improved microscope it was observed structure of plants and gave a clear picture for the first time demonstrated the cellular structure of cork, and also described the structure of the cell elder, fennel, carrots, etc..
G. It was suggested to change the earth`s surface, which, in his opinion, has caused the change of fauna. G. believed that the fossils - the remains of formerly living creatures, which can reproduce the history of the Earth.
G. was also known as an architect. In his projects were built several buildings, mostly in London.