Place of birth: London
Citizenship: United Kingdom
Author: Elena Murzina
Richard Burbage was born January 6, 1568 in London (London). He was the son of James Burbage (James Burbage), a carpenter, who became an actor and theater impresario who built the famous theater The Theatre. The Theatre was the first in the UK (England) theater building, which was built exclusively for the theater, and a second theater, who had a permanent troupe - the heyday of Elizabethan drama performances were staged, usually on an improvised stage, and acting troupes were itinerant and traveled from town in town. His elder brother Cuthbert Burbage (Cuthbert Burbage), in his youth a former popular drama actor for 40 years was a successful theatrical agent and played a key role in the construction of the theater of Shakespeare Globe Theatre.
Richard Burbage has achieved popularity in the twenties, but his early career has very little documentary evidence. It is assumed that Richard was a member of the theater group Lester Earl (1st Earl of Leicester), but the evidence that does not. Perhaps he spoke with the acting troupe Admiral`s Men in 1590-m and Lord Strange`s Men in 1592-m, with actors Earl of Pembroke (Earl of Pembroke) in 1593-m, but the greatest glory to Richard brought the work to the theater company of William Shakespeare (William Shakespeare) called Lord Chamberlain`s Men. In 1603, after the accession to the throne of James I (James I), the troupe was renamed to King`s Men.
Richard Burbage played the leading roles in productions of the first plurality of Shakespeare`s plays, including Hamlet (Hamlet), Othello (Othello), Richard III (Richard III) and King Lear (King Lear). But since Burbage was a great demand, he appeared in plays many other great contemporaries of Shakespeare. Among them - the comedy `Volpone` (Volpone) and` Alhimik` (The Alchemist) Ben Johnson (Ben Jonson), satirical comedy `Nedovolnyy` (The Malcontent) John Marston (John Marston), the tragedy of John Webster (John Webster)` The Duchess Malfi` (The Duchess of Malfi) and the play `The tragedy devushki` (The Maid`s tragedy), belonging to the pen of the duo Francis Beaumont (Francis Beaumont) and John Fletcher (John Fletcher).
Powerful talent Burbage and the breadth of his repertoire of roles appear in the size that he played. Of the hundreds of thousands of plays and roles, written in the years 1580-1610, only about 20 roles contain more than 800 lines of text. Legendary Allen Edward (Edward Alleyn) was the first British actor to deal with these roles, but most of them, 13 of 20, played Burbage.
After his father`s death in February 1593, Richard and his brother Cuthbert stepped in litigation to defend the interests of the family in two London theaters, and finally bogged down in litigation. Theatre Blackfriars Theatre they retained the second, referred to simply as The Theatre, was demolished as the brothers did not come to an agreement on the terms of the lease with the owner of the land Allen Giles (Giles Allen). All that is left of The Theatre, was moved to a new location on the south side of the Thames (Thames River), and the newly built theater was named Globe Theatre. The brothers maintained a close working and personal relationships throughout life and were neighbors. Richard has been at least eight children. After her husband`s death, his widow Winifred (Winifred) married for the second time Richard Robinson (Richard Robinson) from King`s Men troupe.
Unlike Allen, Shakespeare and many of their colleagues, Burbage never left the scene and continued to serve until his death on March 13, 1619. He was not as successful entrepreneur Allen and Shakespeare, and after his death, is said to have left his widow about ? 300 land holdings, which is much less than the wealth of his more fortunate comrades on the stage. Richard Burbage was buried in the church of St. Leonard (St Leonard`s, Shoreditch) in Shoreditch, close to The Theatre. Currently, his grave was lost, but in later centuries he and his brother Cuthbert had erected a monument.