Date of Birth: 03/14/1905
Place of Birth: Paris
The founder of critical philosophy
Raymond Aron was born on March 14, 1905 in Paris (Paris), he was the son of an assimilated Jewish lawyer leading a secular life. Aaron went to school & # 201; cole normale sup & # 233; rieure, where he became acquainted with Jean-Paul Sartre (Jean-Paul Sartre), which became a lifelong friend of his and an intelligent adversary. During the exam on philosophy degree agrezhe (agr & # 233; g & # 233;) in 1928, Aron took 1st place on points, and Sartre in the same year a failed exam. In 1930, Raymond received his doctorate in the history of philosophy at the school.
Berlin (Berlin) Aron saw Nazis burning books, and for all developed an aversion to totalitarian sistemam.V 1938 he took part in the Paris Colloquium Walter Lippmann (Colloque Walter Lippmann), a meeting of intellectuals, organized by the French philosopher Louis Rougier (Louis Rougier) and named in honor of American journalist Walter Lippmann, whose book `La Cit & # 233; libre` examined in detail at the meeting.
In 1939, when World War II began, Aron for several weeks was a professor of social philosophy at the University of Toulouse (University of Toulouse). After leaving university, he went into the army and fought in the French Air Force (France). When France was defeated and occupied, he went to London (London) have acceded to the patriotic movement of the French `Fighting Frantsiya` (la France Combattante), which was led by Charles de Gaulle (Charles de Gaulle). Aron was the editor of the newspaper `France Libre` (` Free Frantsiya`).
When the war ended, Aaron returned to Paris to teach sociology at the National School of Administration (& # 201; cole nationale d`Administration) and the Paris Political Studies Institute (Institut d` & # 201; tudes Politiques de Paris).
From 1955 to 1968 he taught at the Sorbonne (Sorbonne), and since 1970 - at the College de France (Coll & # 232; ge de France).
Raymond Aron lifelong was a journalist, and in 1947 he became an influential journalist in `Le Figaro` and held this position for 30 years until it moved to the news magazine` L`Express`, for which he wrote a political column to the end life.
In 1953, he became friends with a young American philosopher Allan Bloom (Allan Bloom), who taught at the Sorbonne.
In 1960, Aron was elected an honorary foreign member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (American Academy of Arts and Sciences). After the war he opposed, Jean-Paul Sartre and Marxist ideology, but not always, supported and Charles de Gaulle, as well as other political movements `right kryla`.
Aaron died of a heart attack in Paris on 17 October 1983.