Ally Martin Luther King Jr.
In 1950, Abernathy was appointed to the post of Director of Human Resources in the State University of Alabama, and later - the dean and professor of sociology and mathematics. During this period he made ??speeches on the radio. Ralph Abernathy (March 11, 1926 - April 17, 1990) was an American fighter for civil rights and the closest associate of Martin Luther King. After the death of King, Abernathy became the head of the human rights movement.
Ralph Abernathy was the son of a farmer in Alabama. He studied in a Baptist school, so-called " Academy of Linden. "Father Abernathy sponsors the school.
During World War II, Ralph Abernathy was in the army. After the war, he enrolled at Alabama State University and graduated in 1950 with honors with a Bachelor of Mathematics. Even in college Abernathy showed political activity ,He organized a protest because of the lack of heating and hot water in the bedrooms.
In 1950, Abernathy was appointed to the post of Director of Human Resources in the State University of Alabama, and later - the dean and professor of sociology and mathematics. During this period he made ??speeches on the radio. In 1951, Abernathy received the master`s degree in sociology at Atlanta University. His thesis he called " Natural history of social movements. Montgomery zarazvitie Association ", it was later published.
Abernathy became the pastor of the first Baptist Church in Montgomery. Here he became friends with Dr. Martin Luther King. In February 1952 he was appointed senior pastor at First Baptist Church in Montgomery, where he served for ten years.
In 1952 Abernathy married, the family was friendly and large, were born five children. In December 1955, in response to the arrest of his colleague ,Abernathy, along with Martin Luther King founds the American civil rights movement.
To organize a boycott of buses, " Montgomery Association for Development", established by King and Abernathy, held a successful 381- day boycott. In response to the activation of the movement of the segregation laws were passed.
In January 1957, at the time,when the King and Abernathy were in Atlanta, where busy preparing a conference of the Southern Christian Union, Abernathy house and a number of churches in Montgomery attacked and bombed. Abernathy and King had to return home immediately.
Dr. Abernathy was the first financial secretary-treasurer and vicePresident of the Conference during the presidency of Keane, and succeeded him in office after his tragic death.
After the success of the Freedom March in Montgomery, Virmingeme and Hantvile in 1961, Martin Luther King insisted Abernathy led Parsonage Baptist Church in Atlanta ,where Abernathy and moved with his family in 1962, where he served until his death.
Joint activities of King and Abernathy led to the success of the movement against the violence in several American cities. Their work led to the adoption of the Bill on the 1964 Civil Rights Act and the Act on Equal rights v1965 election year and the abolition of segregation laws in the southern states.
During the turbulent 13 years, from 1955 until the death of Dr. King in 1968, King and Abernathy were inseparable, they traveled together, sharing a hotel room ,cameras in prisons and spending leisure time together with their families.
Abernathy is constantly attacked, beaten police, throwing bombs at him, he was arrested 44 times. Life Abernathy and his family was constantly in danger. He made ??a confiscation of his property and disinheritance. Despite the harassment and threats,Dr. King and Abernathy organized protest marches through the streets of the South, strebovaniem equality for their people.
During King`s assassination in Memphis in 1968, Abernathy was beside him. At the beginning of his last public appearances King said : " Ralph Abernathy - my best friend in the world I`ve ever had. "King died in the arms of his companion.
In May 1968, Abernathy led a march of protest black, colored and white Americans on the roads of the country in Washington. Hoping to attract the authorities` attention to the problems people were building huts the walls of the capital, being subjected to harassment by the police. Abernethy July 19 speech at the Lincoln Memorial in front of thousands of black and white citizens. The police dispersed the rally, and the Abernathy spent three weeks in jail for refusing to comply.
During his life, Abernathy received more than 300 awards and honors, including five honorary doctorates from various universities. Dr. Abernathy testified before Congress that recognize only legal methods of struggle for equality and civil rights for all people, regardless of race and color.
Abernathy died at Emory Crawford Memorial Hospital as a result of a thrombotic occlusion of the heart at the age of 64 years